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Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 1998 > Jun > Jun 30

Re: Friedman's Laws for 'Debunkers'

From: James Easton <pulsar@compuserve.com>
Date: Mon, 29 Jun 1998 22:42:30 -0400
Fwd Date: Tue, 30 Jun 1998 05:38:36 -0400
Subject: Re: Friedman's Laws for 'Debunkers'

Regarding...

>From: Serge Salvaille <sergesa@connectmmic.net>
>Subject: Re: UFO UpDate: Friedman's Laws for 'Debunkers'
>Date: Thu, 25 Jun 1998 15:50:35 -0400


Serge wrote:

>Now this is an interesting one.

>  _Skeptics' UFO Newsletter_ by Philip J. Klass. #43, Jan, 1997
>404 "N" Street, SW, Washington DC 20024          (C)  1997


Serge,

The extracts referenced come from a larger document and it's
perhaps necessary to see the entire newsletter to appreciate the
full context.

Trusting Philip Klass would agree and that UpDates subscribers
will, of course, note the SUN subscription details, this is the
content of 'SUN #43':

From _Skeptics' UFO Newsletter_ by Philip J. Klass. #43, Jan, 1997
        404 "N" Street, SW, Washington DC 20024          (C)  1997

   [SIX ISSUES $15 for US/CANADA, OVERSEAS AIR MAIL IS $20/YEAR]

   ==============================================================

_National Security Agency (NSA) Responds To SUN's Request And
Declassifies Revealing Portions Of its Top Secret "UFO Documents"_


    Partially declassified copies of 156 Top Secret "UFO
documents" recently obtained by _SUN_, which the National
Security Agency refused to release in 1982 in response to a
Freedom of information Request (FOIA), reveal that NSA's refusal
was to keep secret that it was eavesdropping on Soviet air
defense radar sites -- providing vitally important intelligence
for our Strategic Air Command bomber missions.
When NSA intercepted messages from Soviet radars which reported
tracking an 'Unidentifiable object,' some NSA analysts translated
that into "Unidentified Flying Objects".  Because the Soviets
used balloons carrying radar reflectors to periodically check the
performance of their air defense radars and the alertness of
their radar operators, a NSA translator-analyst would add
"Probably a balloon" where it seemed appropriate.  After UFO
organizations, such as Citizens Against UFO Secrecy (CAUS), began
to make FOIA requests to CIA and NSA in the late 1970s to release
documents involving "UFOs," NSA translator-analysts stopped using
the term UFO for the balloon-borne targets

    Most of the 156 Comint documents obtained by SUN report the
"Probably balloon" type of slow-moving UFO.  The reports,
covering the 21-year period from 1958 to 1979, are still heavily
censored to withhold the identity/location of the Soviet radar
sites whose communications NSA was able to intercept, the dates
and other still-sensitive military information.  Following are
several typical NSA "UFO" summary reports, with still-censored
material shown as [XXXX]. The first numbers show the time when
the "UFOs'" were being tracked by Soviet radar.

 *  [XXXX] _UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS_ (UFO): (A) 0345-0520
FOUR UFO (PROBABLY BALLOONS) MOVED FROM WEST OF [XXXX] TOWARD
SOUTH, PASSED EAST OF [XXXX] AND FADED EAST OF [XXXX] ALT
11,500-13,000 FT.  (B) 0455-0520, ONE UFO (PROBABLY A BALLOON)
MOVED FROM EAST OF [XXXX] TOWARD SOUTH AND FADED EAST OF [XXXX],
ALT 11,500-13,100 FT.  (C) 0734-1025, THREE UFO (PROBABLY
BALLOONS) MOVED SLOWLY FROM SOUTH OF [XXXX] TOWARD WEST AND
PASSED [XXXX] AND [XXXX], ALT 49,200-66,000 FT.
[XXXX]

 *  [XXXX] UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS (UFO): (A) 0028-0325, FOUR
UFO (PROBABLY BALLOONS) MOVED SLOWLY FROM SE OF [XXXX] TOWARD SW
AND PASSED [XXXX].  (B) 0325-0515, ONE UFO (PROBABLY A BALLOON)
MOVED SLOWLY FROM [XXXX] TOWARD WEST, PASSED [XXXX] AND FADED
[XXXX].  (C) 0325-0515, ONE UFO (PROBABLY A BALLOON) MOVED SLOWLY
FROM NORTH OF [XXXX] TOWARD WEST AND FADED [XXXX].  (D)
1355-1630, 19 UFO (PROBABLY BALLOONS) MOVED FROM [XXXX] AND
[XXXX] TOWARD WEST AND FADED [XXXX] AND [XXXX], ALT 69,000-79,000
FT.  [XXXX]

 *  [XXXX] UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS (UFO): (A) 0010-0455, 11
UFO (PROBABLY BALLOONS) MOVED FROM [XXXX] AND WEST OF [XXXX]
TOWARD WEST, PASSED SOUTH OF [XXXX] AND ENTERED THE TERRITORlES
OF [XXXX].  (B) 0820-1135, 11 UFO (PROBABLY BALLOONS) MOVED FROM
[XXXX] AND WEST OF [XXXX] TOWARD WEST; PASSED SOUTH OF [XXXX] AND
ENTERED THE TERRITORIES OF [XXXX].  (C) 0740-0852, 15 UFO
(PROBABLY BALLOONS) MOVED OVER [XXXX], ALT 20,000-29,800FT (D)
1345-1620, 11 UFO (PROBABLY BALLOONS) MOVED OVER [XXXX] AND
[XXXX], ALT 59,000-69,000 FT.

    These Comint reports reveal that the Soviets had deployed
height-finder-type radars, capable of tracking targets up to
altitudes of nearly 80,000 ft., which could detect high-flying
U-2 aircraft on reconnaissance missions.


_NSA UFO DOCUMENTS INCLUDE A FEW VISUAL SIGHTING REPORTS_

    A few of the NSA Comint documents contain summary reports of
visual UFO sightings. Because there is no mention that the UFOs
were tracked by radar, the reports probably come from other
military facilities whose communications were being intercepted
by NSA.
Following are some of the more interesting visual UFO reports:

 *  [XXXX] REPORT SIGHTING OF UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECT.  AN
UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECT WAS SIGHTED BY [XXXX] BETWEEN THE
[XXXX] OF [XXXX] AND [XXXX].  THE OBJECT WAS DESCRIBED AS HAVING
A SEMI-CIRCLE SHAPE AND LOOKED LIKE AN ARC IN THE THE SKY.  THIS
OBJECT WAS ALSO NOTED AS BEING WHITE AND VERY LARGE.  IT WAS SEEN
FOR A PERIOD OF ABOUT TEN MINUTES AND IT SEEMED TO JUST HANG IN
THE SKY FOR A FEW MINUTES BEFORE MOVING ON IN A WESTERLY
DIRECTION. [XXXX]

 *  [XXXX] UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECT [XXXX] A REPORT [XXXX]
STATES THAT AT [XXXX], A SMOKING LUMINOUS OBJECT MOVED THROUGH
THE AIR AT AN ALTITUDE OF APPROXIMATELY 600 METERS FROM [XXXX]
TOWARDS [XXXX] AT THE BORDER OPPOSITE [XXXX].  THE SMOKE RADIUS
GRADUALLY INCREASED IN SIZE AND DISAPPEARED.  THE LUMINOUS OBJECT
WHICH WAS IN THE CENTER OF THE SMOKE ALSO DISAPPEARED.  [XXXX]

 *  [XXXX] SIGHT THREE UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS [XXXX] AT 1915
[XXXX], THREE LUMINOUS OBJECTS WERE SEEN IN THE WESTERN PART OF
[XXXX].  THE FIRST OBJECT WAS SHAPED LIKE A HORSESHOE AND WAS
WHITE IN COLOR.  THE OTHER TWO WERE ROUND AND YELLOW IN COLOR
[XXXX]

 *  [XXXX]  _UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECT_ REPORTEDLY SIGHTED
[XXXX] AT 1924 HOURS ON [XXXX] AN OBJECT WHICH APPEARED TO BE A
ROCKET OR A [XXXX] CROSSED OVER [XXXX]  MOVING FROM NORTHWEST TO
THE SOUTHEAST ITS TAIL LOOKED LIKE RED FIRE AND A FIERY TRAIL
APPEARED IN ITS PATH FOR ABOUT THREE MINUTES.  NO NOISE WAS
HEARD. [XXXX]

 *  [XXXX]  SIGHTS UFO [XXXX] SIGHTED A UFO DESCRIBED AS
SPHERICAL OR DISC-LIKE IN FORM WITH NO ESTABLISHED COLOR,
BRIGHTER THAN THE SUN, WITH A DIAMETER OF ONE-HALF THE VISIBLE
SIZE OF THE MOON.  AT THE TIME OF OBSERVATION, OBJECT WAS ABOVE
THE UPPER EDGE OF THE CLOUDS ON TRUE BEARING 120 DEGREES, AZIMUTH
080 DEGREES TRAVELING NORTH.  FURTHER OBSERVATION WAS IMPOSSIBLE
DUE TO THICK CLOUD COVER. [XXXX]

    One Comint document indicates that the Soviets launched
interceptor aircraft to "attack" the UFO.  Conceivably, this was
part of a readiness/training exercise.

    [XXXX] _Unidentified Flying Object_ (UFO): 1424-1539, ONE UFO
(PROBABLY A BALLOON) MOVED SLOWLY FROM 83 NAUTICAL MILES SE OF
[XXXX] TOWARD EAST AND FADED 16 NM SOUTH OF [XXXX] ALT
43-600-49,200 FT.
REACTION TO UFO; 1209 - 1455, ONE UFO (PROBABLY A BALLOON) MOVED
SLIGHTLY FROM [XXXX] TOWARD EAST, PASSED [XXXX], AND FADED
[XXXX], ALT 33,000-46,000 FT.  [XXXX] REACTION: 1241-1353, SIX
[XXXX] DEPARTED [XXXX] FOR ATTACKING SAID UFO OVER [XXXX] AND
[XXXX] ALT 26,200 FT, SPEED 430 KTS.  (NOTE: the next eight lines
of copy are blacked out, possibly reporting on the results of the
attempted interceptor action.)


_NSA "UFO Documents" Substantiate Assessment By Former NSA
Analyst Tom Deuley, Long-Time UFOlogist, Now A MUFON Official_

    Although the Comint documents supplied to SUN remain heavily
censored, their declassified UFO-related contents corroborate the
assessment presented at the 1987 MUFON conference in Washington
D.C.
by Thomas P. Deuley, who had worked at NSA.  Deuley said: "I
believe that I saw or held copies of the large majority of the
documents withheld [by NSA] in the FOIA suit.  Though there may
have been exceptions among the documents I did not see, none of
the documents I was aware of had any information that was of
scientific value." (In recent years Deuley has been MUFON's
corporate secretary and a member of its Board of Directors).

    In Deuley's 1987 MUFON paper, titled "Four Years At NSA -- No
UFOs," he explained that he was assigned to the agency in
mid-1978, shortly before attending that year's MUFON conference
in Dayton, Ohio.
"Before making that trip I felt it was necessary to let NSA know
that I had an interest in UFOs.  I took the matter up with my
immediate supervisor suggesting that the fact be put on the
record.  Within a week I had an appointment with some
administrative officials to discuss my trip to Dayton and my
interest in UFOs....The meeting was not formal and I did not come
away with the feeling that...they even cared about UFOs or my
personal interest in it.

    In the early 1980s, when CAUS filed its FOIA suit seeking
NSA's UFO-related documents, the agency turned to Deuley, its
"in-house UFOlogist" who held sufficiently high security
clearances, to examine its "UFO-related documents" and assess
which could be released without compromising NSA's sensitive
operations.  Now that these Comint documents have been released,
their UFO reports substantiate the wisdom of Deuley's 1987 MUFON
conference statement: "It [was] clear to me that the possibility
of damage to national security sources and methods far outweighed
the value of the information under question." Deuley concluded
his 1987 presentation by noting that during the four years he
spent at NSA, "I did not see any indication of official NSA
interest in the subject [of UFOs]."


_NSA ALSO RELEASES GREATLY DECLASSIFIED COPY OF TOP SECRET
DOCUMENT WHICH UFO-LECTURER FRIEDMAN CLAIMS IS EVIDENCE OF COSMIC
WATERGATE_

    To enable U.S.  District Court Judge Gesell to render an
informed judgement on the agency's rationale for not releasing
its "UFO documents," NSA provided him with a 21-page affidavit in
October 1980, classified Top Secret, which described all of its
"UFO documents" and explained the reasons for not releasing most
of them.  After studying the document, Judge Gesell ruled in
favor of NSA.  Subsequently, in response to an FOIA request to
obtain a copy of this Top Secret court document, NSA released a
heavily censored version in which about 70% of the contents were
blacked out.  UFO-LECTURER STANTON FRIEDMAN INVARIABLY SHOWS
THESE MOST HEAVILY BLACKED-OUT PAGES DURING HIS LECTURES AND TV
SHOW APPEARANCES, CLAIMING THEY PROVE A GOVERNMENT UFO COVER-UP.


_FRIEDMAN WITHHOLDS SIGNIFICANT INFORMATION_

    Friedman knowingly withholds from his audiences the fact that
the heavily censored version of NSA's 21-page court document
disclosed that the bulk of the documents being withheld were
"communications intelligence (COMlNT) reports." Friedman also
withholds from his audience the further NSA explanation that
these Comint reports "are based on [covertly] intercepted
communications of foreign governments." In the affidavit, signed
by a top NSA official Eugene F.
Yates, he said "I certify that disclosure of past and present
foreign intelligence communications activities of NSA revealed in
the records the plaintiff [CAUS] seeks would endanger highly
valuable sources of foreign intelligence."  FRIEDMAN NEVER
MENTIONS THIS AS A POSSIBLE EXPLANATION OR JUSTIFICATION FOR
NSA'S ACTIONS.

    (When Friedman presented a paper at the 1981 MUFON conference
in Cambridge, Mass., it began with a statement attributed to
Albert Einstein: "The right to search for truth implies also a
duty; one must not conceal any part of what one has recognized to
be the truth.")

    Whereas only about 30% of the originally released court
document was readable (i.e., not blacked out), roughly 75% of the
contents are now visible in the recently declassified version.
The new release reveals that the court document carried the
highest/most sensitive classification for Comint documents: TOP
SECRET UMBRA.

    In response to CAUS's FOIA request, NSA had refused to
release: "an account by a person assigned to NSA of his
attendance at a UFO symposium [because] it cannot be fairly be
said to be a record of the kind sought by the plaintiff."
Although the author of this report was not identified by NSA in
its court document, almost certainly it was Tom Deuley.  He may
also have authored another non-Comint document released to CAUS,
entitled "UFO Hypothesis and Survival Questions." Its last page
was not released because it would have identified the author of
the memo and his NSA affiliation.


_NEWLY RELEASED COURT DOCUMENT EXPLAINS PREVIOUS BLACK-OUTS_

    The original court document cited a second non-Comint
document, written by the same NSA employee, which had been
released to CAUS with some deletions.  NSA's explanation for the
deletions was heavily blacked out in the copy of the court
document originally released but are now revealed in the newly
classified version.  (The portions of the court document
previously blacked out are underlined below.)

    "The second non-Comint document is a three page undated,
unofficial draft of a monograph with a four page appendix by the
same agency employee who authored the draft referenced in
sub-paragraph a, above....It is entitled 'UFOs _and the
Intelligence Community Blind Spot to Surprise or Deceptive
Data_'. In this document, the author discusses what he considers
to be a serious shortcoming in the Agency's COMINT interception
and reporting procedures -- the inability to respond correctly to
surprising information or deliberately deceptive data. He uses
the UFO phenomenon to illustrate his belief that the inability of
the U.S.  intelligence community to process this type of unusual
data adversely affects U.S. intelligence gathering capabilities.
Deletions in this document were made as follows: (1) All

of the title after UFO, _which addresses the perceived
shortcoming_ and all of paragraph one, which discusses the
_employee's perception of the negative implications of the
handling of the UFO phenomena as it demonstrates what he believes
is the less than optimum ability of the intelligence community to
process and evaluate highly unusual data_...

    "The final decision is in appendix A, paragraph 10 of this
report.
This section talks about _deceptive communications tactics used
by [XXXX] against U.S.  forces_ and does not include any
reference to UFO or UFO phenomena..." [It is not known if Deuley
also authored this document.]


_BOGUS "COMINT" DOCUMENT IN NSA FILES, WHICH CLAIMS UFO SHOT DOWN
CUBAN INTERCEPTORS, CAME INDIRECTLY VIA FRIEDMAN_

    Ironically, one of the heavily blacked-out pages of the
originally released court document that Friedman so often shows
involved a bogus Comint report which indicated that Cuban air
interceptors were shot down by a UFO -- a report which NSA
received indirectly from Friedman's files.  The Cuban incident
allegedly occurred in early 1967 and a person who claimed to have
been a Comint station operator later sent the alleged report to
Friedman.  He gave a copy to _Bob Pratt_, a reporter with the
_National Enquirer_, who in turn supplied a copy to UFO
researcher _Robert Todd_.

    In early 1978, Todd used FOIA requests to NSA and the USAF to
try to verify the authenticity of the Cuban incident and quoted
from this "Comint" report.  When Todd did not receive a prompt
response, he threatened to contact the Cuban government to verify
the incident.
This prompted the FBI to visit Todd to ask how he had obtained
the report.  Todd responded that he did not know the original
source who had sent the report to Friedman, but had obtained his
copy from Pratt.

    Following is the NSA court document's report on this
incident, with the originally blacked out information shown
underlined.

    "(a) The document describing SIGINT [Signals Intelligence]
operations reports _an alleged intercept of [XXXX]
communications.
The factual circumstances of the incident reported in this record
were received by NSA from an FOIA requester other than the
plaintiff [CAUS] and are considered to be fictitious by NSA
analysts._ [XXXX]" The 15 typewritten lines which follow and
remain blacked out presumably provide more details on the
incident and the reason why NSA concluded that this "Comint
report" is bogus.  It is doubtful that either Todd or Friedman
are mentioned by name.


_SUMMARY OF NSA's RATIONALE FOR WITHHOLDING ITS UFO COMINT
REPORTS_

    The newly released "more declassified" copy of the 1980 NSA
court document offers the following explanation for withholding
the UFO Comint documents -- an explanation that was completely
blacked out on the first version released by the agency: "_The
communication sources involved in this [FOIA] case -- are the
source of extremely valuable communications intelligence covering
a broad range of kinds of information from [XXXX] and other
[XXXX] acitivities to [XXXX] and [XXXX] matters.  Release of
these documents would seriously damage the ability of the United
States to gather this vital intelligence information_...."
[End]



James.
E-mail: pulsar@compuserve.com


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