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Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 1999 > Jan > Jan 12

BZ - Flying High For the US Army

From: Lawrie Williams <nemesis@fastinternet.net.au>
Date: Tue, 12 Jan 1999 15:50:19 +1000
Fwd Date: Tue, 12 Jan 1999 10:45:06 -0500
Subject: BZ - Flying High For the US Army


Hi all. Just arrived back on the list.

Here is a potent "abduction drug" that may have been involved in
the "abduction" I had in 1975. Has anyone any thoughts on BZ as
it relates to abduction experiences. e.g. how much of this
stuff, of which many thousands of tons was made, could be loose
in our ecosystem?

Lawrie Williams

___________________________________________________


Flying High for the US Army

[New Scientist  August 26 1976  Michael Carter]


Long before the hippies of San Francisco indulged in their
experiments with hallucinogens, the US Army was administering
these drugs to thousands of subjects - some willing, many
unwitting - to see if they could be used as chemical warfare
agents.

A US Army report, released this month, admits that the drugs
were administered without the knowledge or permission of the
subjects or their families. The reports also admits that the
Army attempted to conceal its role in the research. At least two
people were killed early in the research, more than 20 years
ago.

LSD, mescalin (and its modification STP) and psilocybin are all
known as sympathomimetic hallucinogens. Effects are noted within
ten or fifteen minutes after administration.  At first there is
slight nausea and trembling, combined with some apprehension.
These autonomic effects soon pass and the predominant effects,
on the sensory and psychic systems, soon begin. Perceptual
distortion and enhancement plus eyes-closed imagery are the
first to appear. Random lines on the wall assume recognizable
patterns; objects become surrounded by a faint halo and their
boundaries appear to shift and tremble. Detail in the visual
field becomes a source of great fascination and it is easy to
become deeply involved with what amounts to a sensory storm.
Sense of time is completely distorted due to the great increase
in information being received by the brain.

These behavioiural effects suggested to the US military the
possibility of subduing enemy forces and populations by a kind
of "ethical warfare", and, as research quickly revealed,
providing potential weapons with a wide range of potencies and
duration of effect. The US was not the only power interested.
Papers were published by researchers at the Chemical Defence
Establishment at Porton Down on the effect of tryptamine
(psilocybin) and mescaline analogues in animals. The US
conducted a massive program of human testing with frequent
disregard for ethical procedures on the part of both Army
reserchers and civilian programmes funded by the Army. In the
guise of blind and double-blind techniques many subjects were
given hallucinogens with no knowledge of what the effects might
be......the procedure can only be considered unethical.....

The US military program also lacked any fixed goals. Army
spokesmen, reported in a number of reports last year in the New
York Times, variously said that the research programs were
intended to find shorter-acting hallucinogens than LSD, to lower
resistance to interrogation, to find suitable antidotes, to
provide a combat tool, and to provide an alternative to nuclear
war. As a result of this apparent lack of direction new drugs
were tested in humans without sufficient animal data or full
exploration of low dose levels before high doses were given.

A clue to what the Army later came to seek was given by Dr Van
M. Sim, the civilian director of the Army's programme at
Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland. He is reported in the New York Times
as having said that experiments with LSD were dropped in 1967
"because the Army decided it really wanted a drug that would
stun an enemy, but leave it able to carry out orders".

In the late 1950's a new group of hallucinogens was developed
whose effects were far more disabling than the LSD type.  These
anti-cholinergic drugs are usually called deleriants. Plants
containing anti-cholinergic alkaloids such as atropine and
scopalamine have been used throughout history as narcotics and
poisons. The search for drugs with the theraputic
characteristics of atropine had led to the synthesis of a series
of chemicals with the potency of atropine but with even more
pronounced effects on the central nervous system. Most of these
were derivatives of glycollic acids including diphenylglycollic
acid, also called benzilic acid.

The characteristic effects of the deleriants are almost always
unpleasant. With the onset of symptoms autonomic symptoms are
pronounced - dryness of the mouth, dizziness and muscular
weakness. Shortly a state of apprehension, fear and deperson-
alizaton appears. One or two hours after administratoin subjects
are confused, agitated and suffer from motor and mental
incoordination. Emotions range through anger, panic, paranoia
and fear. Subjects soon lose all contact with reality and
experience true hallucinations, conversing with imaginary
individuals and engaging in tasks with imaginary objects. During
this period of delerium, amnesia (particularly of short-term
memory) occurs and persists for the duration of the drug effect.
Asked a question the subject will respond correctly at frst but
then may break off and discuss urelated matters, then stop,
realizing that he has answered irrationally. Panic can occur
when the subject realizes his confusion.

Clearly these drugs would be more attractive than the sympatho-
mimetic hallucinogens as chemical warfare agents. Significantly
the only known hallucinogen to be stockpiled in US arsenels is
the drug code-named BZ, reputedly 3-quinuclidinyl benzilate.

Disturbingly this was one of the agents excluded from the ban on
chemical and biological agents signed by President Ford in
Januaray 1975. Its use, the Army claim, would be for protection
of military zones and in civilian riots.

Current goals and research programs are unclear. However it was
revealed last year that the US Army was testing atropine and
scopolamine on 55 military personnel at Edgewood Arsenel. The
Army denied that either drug could cause hallucinations. This
information only serves to confuse the Army's intentions - the
ability of  atropine and scopolamine to cause delerious states
similar to the anti-cholinergic hallucinogens has been well
known for many years. What seems further to confuse the
situation is that researchers at Edgewood Arsenel published, in
1973, a comprehensive paper showing the behavioural effects of
atropine, scopolamine, and Ditran, (an anti-cholinergic
hallucinogen) to be indistinguishible from each other.
[Psychoparmacologia (sic), vol 28 p 121]. The subjects were 158
Army enlisted men. The general properties of the drugs were
described to subjects before testing.

Any view on why a further experiment is being conducted must be
purely speculative. However it is worth noting one feature of
these drugs described in the paper. During the early effects "in
spite of their confusion.....most subjects were curiously docile
and tractable". One is reminded of the Army's declared desire
for a drug to stun the enemy but leaving it capable of carrying
out orders. In their present state of development these drugs
can in no way be said to produce this effect alone, but such a
goal may not be difficult to achieve......

__________________________________________________

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