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Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 1999 > Jan > Jan 13


From: Patricia Mason <pmason@ee.net>
Date: Tue, 12 Jan 1999 19:19:30 -0500
Fwd Date: Wed, 13 Jan 1999 10:26:59 -0500
Subject: What is SPACELINE?


SPACELINE is a bibliographic database containing information
about publications on space and ground-based life sciences
research. Space life sciences research contributes to ensuring a
safe and productive presence of humans in space and a better
understanding of current medical and scientific questions about
which space and gravitational research can provide unique
information. It also includes exobiology, the study of the
origin, evolution, and distribution of life in the universe.

Background: SPACELINE was established as a cooperative venture
of the Life Sciences Division of the National Aeronautics and
Space Administration (NASA) and the National Library of Medicine
(NLM), one of the institutes of the National Institutes of
Health in Bethesda, Maryland. Its objective is to consolidate
the results of the growing body of space life sciences research
into a single, easily accessible resource. Work on the creation
of the database began in mid-1993; SPACELINE was made available
to the public for searching on October 25, 1995.

National Library of Medicine database: SPACELINE is one of the
National Library of Medicine's specialized databases. NLM is
considered a world leader in providing online information in the
life and biomedical sciences. MEDLINE is the best known of its
databases. There are 40 specialized databases such as AIDSLINE,

Users: SPACELINE's intended audience is the space life sciences
community in the United States and abroad; medical, scientific,
and scholarly communities with an interest in the field;
librarians; students; and the general public.

Contents: SPACELINE contains references to publications
reporting results of ground-based and flight research, both
domestic and international, from 1961 to the present. Sample
records can be viewed at Examples of Records. Types of
publications include journal articles, technical reports, books
and book chapters, meeting papers, and meeting abstracts. All
languages are included. SPACELINE employs the National Library
of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) as the search
vocabulary. Terms unique to the space life sciences have been
added to MeSH to facilitate searching. A distinctive feature of
SPACELINE is the Space Flight/Mission field, which was created
so references to a particular flight, groups of flights, or any
space flight can be found. This field may also be used to
identify manned or unmanned flights, as well as those of short
or long duration (30 or more days).

Scope: The scope of SPACELINE is references pertaining to the
health and productivity of humans in space, the physical and
psychological effects of gravity and the space environment on
living systems, applications of space life sciences research,
and exobiology.

Specific areas of coverage include:

Clinical medical support to humans in space

Physiology, metabolism, and growth and development of cells,
organs, and systems of humans, animals, and plants as they are
affected by the space environment, particularly weightlessness

Environmental protection and support of humans in space,
including life support, toxicology, and radiation

Psychological, behavioral, and human factors involved in living
in the space environment

Origin, evolution, and distribution of life in the universe

Applications of bioengineering to space life sciences

Applications of space life sciences research to the improvement
of life on Earth

Records: SPACELINE records are similar in structure to those in
MEDLINE. Some of the records in SPACELINE are derived from
MEDLINE (journal articles), CATLINE (books), and AVLINE
(audiovisuals). Records unique to SPACELINE are created and
added by the SPACELINE Project Office; they include NASA
technical reports, conference proceedings and meeting abstracts,
as well as journal articles and books not covered by National
Library of Medicine databases. The SPACELINE Project Office
makes a special effort to include citations to publications of
NASA-funded researchers.

Database additions: SPACELINE is an evolving database and new
citations to recent publications as well as older ones are being
added to fulfill the goal of achieving full and comprehensive
coverage. SPACELINE is updated weekly with the addition of
approximately 150 new records.

See: http://spaceline.usuhs.mil/

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