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ATIC History Update

From: Wendy Connors <ProjectSign@email.msn.com>
Date: Tue, 19 Oct 1999 12:02:02 -0600
Fwd Date: Tue, 19 Oct 1999 18:45:29 -0400
Subject: ATIC History Update

The following is taken from the official ATIC History for 1
January 1953 to 30 June 1953, pages 75-78 inclusive.

Project Blue Book (10073)

During the first six months of 1953, 249 reports of unidentified
flying objects were received by the Air Technical Intelligence
Center (ATIC). The most productive month was February, with 76
reports. This is in contrast with widespread public opinion that
since "saucers" are no longer in the newspapers, the Air Force
receives no reports. Probably more significant than this is the
fact that 55% of all reports received thus far in 1953 came from
military observers. Of the remaining 45% from civilian sources,
8% involved some type of radar detection.

On 20 May 1953 the project monitor completed a briefing tour of
all the Air Divisions in the Air Defense Command (ADC). This
briefing tour was set up in the fall of 1952 to educate ADC
personnel in the philosophy and background of Project Blue Book,
and to show how to improve their reports. Ground visual
questionaires were distributed to ADC Intelligence officers with
briefing copies to enable them to brief interested personnel in
their units. The project monitor, in his briefings, emphasized
that analysis of a sighting could be done at division or
Aircraft Control and Warning level, eliminating all but the
hard-core unknowns to be forwarded to the ATIC for further
analysis. All divisions of the Western Air Defense Force, the
Central Air Defense Force, and the Eastern Air Defense Force
were briefed. ADC produces 35% of all Flying Object Reports.

In addition to three ADC temporary duty tours, trips were made
to Darlington, Wisconsin, and to Red Lion, Ohio, during the
reporting period to investigate flying saucer incidents. In both
cases the objects in question turned out to be conventional.

In January a scientific advisory panel was called together in
Washington by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to review
the problem of unidentified flying objects. Members of the
panel, including many high-level scientists, reached the
following conclusions:

(1) National security agencies should institute policies on
intelligence training and public education, designed to prepare
the material defenses and the morale of the country to recognize
most promptly and to react most effective to true indications of
hostile intent or action.

(2) The evidence presented on unidentified flying objects shows
no indication to date that these phenomena constitute a direct
threat to the national security.

(3) A continued emphasis on the reporting of these phenomena, in
these times, results in a threat to the orderly functioning of
the Government.

(4) National security agencies should take immediate steps to
strip the unidentified flying objects of the special status or
myster they have unfortunately acquired.

Generally the ATIC agrees with these conclusions and at the
present time is attempting to implement the panel's suggestions.

Seventy-three gridless Videon cameras were distributed to
Airways and Air Communications Service (AACS) tower sites and
ADC radar sites on 1 June 1953. The original plan for these
cameras was to take a diffraction grating picture of an
unidentified object which would enable a spectroscopist to
identify the spectrum bar. However, it was found that the Videon
diffraction gratings deteriorated soon after being received at
the ATIC, because of inexpert mounting. It was concluded that
the cameras would be used for obtaining photographic
intelligence on unidentified objects, without the gratings. When
a suitable grating is obtained, the cameras will be recalled and
the gratings mounted.

The International Business Machine (IBM) statistical analysis of
all sightings from 1947 through 1952 continues for Project Blue
Book. It is estimated that a final written report will be
submitte on 15 August 1953. Statistical curves of probability,
indexes of comparison on undentified objects, and a general
commentary on the results of the IBM study will be extremely
significant in the future evaluation of reports and perhaps in
the operation of Project Blue Book.

The ATIC has received two notable reports of unidentified
objects during this six month's span. A sighting at Port Austin,
Michigan, on 17 February 1953 involved both radar and visual
detection. It appeared to be a simultaneous sighting and has not
as yet been explained. On 3 March 1953, three F-84 pilots from
Luke AFB sighted an unidentified object at 25,000 feet. One of
the fighter pilots exposed 30 feet of gun camera film in
photographing the object. Following extensive analysis, this
sighting is now considered to have been a vapor trailfrom
probably two or more high flying jet aircraft.

McMillin Observatory of Ohio State University, which is
cooperating in Project Blue Book by an astronomical program, has
ascribed 25% of all sightings in April, May, and June to the
planet Venus.

End of section.

Thank you,

Wendy Connors and Mike Hall

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