From: Jim Mortellaro <Jsmortell@aol.com> Date: Fri, 22 Oct 1999 23:16:45 EDT Fwd Date: Sat, 23 Oct 1999 09:51:30 -0400 Subject: Re: Japan's Mars Probe In Mars Orbit January 2004 >From: Ignatius Graffeo <Ufoseek@aol.com> >Date: Thu, 21 Oct 1999 08:15:51 EDT >Subject: Japan's Mars Probe In Mars Orbit January 2004 >To: Updates@globalserve.net >http://www.tui.edu/STO/Japan/Japan/Planets.html >Japan is Third to Probe the Planets A translation from the Japanese English to formal English by Dr. J. Jaime Gesundt. Having worked for the Japanese for more than a decade, I can tell you that the language of language is often lost in the translation of language into the language used to relay the message in, but often has a meaning other than that expressed on the surface of the words used. Or soemthing like that, anyway. Here, let me give an example. I was always told "Hi!" by my boss when ever I had a suggestion to make. I'd say, Wasabi- San, what to you have to say regarding my suggestion?" And he would always answer, "Hi!" Meaning "YES!" But he meant "Yes I understand!" Not "Yes I agree!" See? So please, and with all due respect, allow me to translate the following.... >Japan, the fourth nation ever to send a satellite to Earth >orbit, became the third nation ever to send a spacecraft to >Mars when its Planet-B probe blasted off from Japan's Kagoshima >Space Center on the southern island of Kyushu on July 4, 1998. Spacehip not fall fown and go boom! >While on its way to Mars, Planet-B was renamed Nozomi which >means Hope. Japanese engineers know immediately sucker was never get across Baja! >Unfortunately, an out-of-control thruster necessitated an heroic >rescue effort which will lead Nozomi around the Sun on its way >to the Red Planet. Arrival at Mars will be four years later than >planned. Tell 'em it's gonna take four more years, by then, we'll all know that Mars was a set for a Japanese Monster Movie... and they will have forgotten big mistakes. >The flight plan. After launch in 1998, the robot science >explorer went into a looping orbit around Earth which took it >out and around the Moon. Nozomi then made two swings by the Moon >to establish its final trajectory to Mars. The swing-by >technique would gather speed for the trip to Mars where Nozomi >was to have arrived at the end of 1999. We miss! >Once the spacecraft reached Mars, it would have been placed in a >highly elliptical or "egg-shaped" orbit stretching from a low of >93-186 miles out to about 17,000 miles above the planet's >surface. We miss BIG TIME! >What went wrong? Nozomi made a first gravity-assist flyby of >Earth on Sept. 24, 1998. Following the second Earth flyby on >Dec. 18, 1998, a thruster on the spacecraft stuck open and much >fuel was wasted. Nozomi did not receive sufficient acceleration >boost to make into orbit around Mars. Stupid engineer forgot to remember. Is now with honored ancestors. >Controllers at Japan's Institute of Space and Astronautical >Sciences (ISAS) ordered the thrusters to burn in a correctional >manuever on Dec. 21, 1998. However, that did not leave enough >fuel for Nozomi to be able to slow itself down later as it >entered Mars orbit. That called for an extraordinary effort to >save Nozomi. We should have sent stupid engineer on this trip instead of his design. >The controllers radioed orders to the spacecraft, assigning it >a new flight plan. Now it would make three trips around the Sun >and two more Earth flybys. These gravity assists from the Sun >and Earth would give Nozomi just the right speed for entering >Mars orbit by January 2004. Another stupid engineer used Kanji instead of Metric system. >Nozomi's orbital path around Mars will be elliptical, ranging >from a low of 93 miles out to a high of 31,620 miles. Kanji was to base ten. Metric was to base eleven. Hah! Too much sacki.... saki... sorry. >ISAS researchers say they believe the spacecraft's science >instruments will work properly after the four year delay. A >benefit of the longer flight will be extra time to collect and >send back data on the solar wind in interplanetary space. See part above where you are supposed to forget about it. >Martian atmosphere. Nozomi is designed to perform long-term >studies of the upper Martian atmosphere and ionosphere, and its >interaction with the solar wind. Right. >The low-altitude portion of the orbit will be used for remote >sensing of the lower atmosphere and surface, and for direct >measurements of upper atmosphere and ionosphere. Right. >The more distant parts of the orbit will allow instruments to >probe the ions and neutral gas escaping from Mars, which >interact with the charged-particle "wind" blowing outward from >the Sun. Ionization of the upper atmospheric gas by solar >radiation produces the charged-particle atmosphere (ionosphere) >that acts as an obstacle to the solar wind. Right. >This radiation produces species of gas not seen in Mars' lower >atmosphere, such as nitric oxide, or dissociates the atmosphere >into single atomic species, such as atomic oxygen. If these >neutral or ionized species possess enough energy, they can >escape the gravitational pull of Mars, resulting in a net >atmospheric loss. Measurements of lighter species such as atomic >hydrogen and deuterium also can provide clues about the >evolution of the Martian atmosphere. Blah, blah, blah.... etc., just fill in to make us sound like we know what we are talking about. >More like Venus. Mars has little or no intrinsic magnetic field >to interact with this process, making it more like Venus in >this respect than Earth. No one respect earth which is why we trying to leave. >The upper atmosphere of Venus and its solar wind environment >were studied for almost fourteen years by the U. S. Pioneer >Venus Orbiter spacecraft from a similar, highly elliptical >orbit. Nozomi carries an insturment, known as NMS, which is a >state-of-the-art enhancement of the Pioneer Venus mass >spectrometer. It weighs only six pounds. To conserve space and >weight, electronic items such as transistors and integrated >circuits were removed from their outer casings and placed in >larger packages called hybrid circuits. >Dust storms. Data from previous Mars exploration spacecraft such >as Mariner 9 indicate that dust storms near the surface can heat >the lower atmosphere and increase the gas density in the upper >atmosphere where Nozomi will make its measurements. The U.S. >Mars Climate Orbiter carries an instrument called the Pressure >Modulated Infrared Radiometer, which will provide complementary >information on the lower atmosphere and its response to dust >storms. >NMS. Nozomi carries 14 instruments from Japan, Canada, Sweden, >Germany and the United States. NMS is a U.S. instrument provided >by NASA to measure the gas composition of the upper atmosphere >of Mars. NMS is short for Neutral Mass Spectrometer and Ultra >Stable Oscillator. There also is NASA hardware aboard for a >radio science experiment. Parts from NASA will work well because they use wrong system of measuring, but system just right for us. Talk amongst youselves, I'm a little ferklempt! >The Neutral Mass Spectrometer will enable researchers to measure >the chemical composition of the upper atmosphere of Mars on a >global scale, which has never been done before. >Previous upper atmospheric composition measurements were done in >only two locations as NASA's Viking landers entered the Martian >atmosphere on July 20 and Sept. 3, 1976, respectively. >Precise clock. The radio science hardware was built by the Johns >Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, >Maryland, under contract to NASA. The ultra-precise signals >generated by the oscillator serve as a very accurate clock to >enable analysis of the Martian atmosphere and to help guide the >spacecraft as it orbits the red planet. <snipped - but very respectfully> >Scientists suggest there may be a dust-ring along the orbit of >Phobos. By using the dust counter aboard Nozomi, they will >discover if it exists. Konishi wa, or depending on your location, Konban wa. Or Ohio goizimus... or, need more wasabe for sushi. Also, Domo Arrigato and Hajimae mashte, dozo, uroshuku. Uh, means prease pass Gripple. J. Jaime Gesundt, creator of internatioanl incidents as well as good fresh wine.
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