Re: Polar Orbiters? - Smith
From: James Smith <zeus001002.nul>
Date: Wed, 31 Mar 2004 16:57:05 -0500 (GMT-05:00)
Fwd Date: Wed, 31 Mar 2004 22:06:14 -0500
Subject: Re: Polar Orbiters? - Smith
>From: Eleanor White <eleanor.nul>
>Date: Fri, 19 Mar 2004 16:29:20 -0500
>Subject: Polar Orbiters?
>Has anyone investigated references to at least one polar
>orbiting satellite discovered during the Sputnik era, and
>presumed therefore not of Earthly origin?
I have looked at some journal references of these observations
as well as a number of UFO-type web sites. At the end of this
email I describe the journal reference, but first lets review
the sensational UFO website type widely repeated story.....
"It was in February 1960 that the first discovery of a mystery
satellite first caused a sensation in the U.S. Department of
Defense. It was hardly surprising, for the North American Air
Defense System's radar tracking facilities had locked on to what
appeared to be a satellite weighing at least 15 tons - far in
excess of anything capable of being place into orbit in 1960."
"It was quickly established that the satellite had not been
launched by either the United States or Russia. For a start, it
was in the wrong kind of orbit. The mystery object's path took
it over the North and South poles..."
Or this other....
"In February 1960 a station of the North American Air Defense
System picked up a radar echo from an enormous space station
orbiting the Earth. This intercept caused panic and alarm
throughout America's and the Soviet Union's Defense Departments.
It was the wrong kind of orbit for a Soviet launch. The space
station was in a polar orbit, whereas the orbits of Soviet
satellites were invariably inclined at 65 degrees to the
equator, which took the satellites over South America and North
Africa. Apart from that, there was no booster on either side of
the Atlantic capable of putting such an object into space.
American scientists had calculated that the weight of the
orbiting station was around 15 tons. For three weeks the
Americans kept track of the space station, then it vanished as
suddenly as it had appeared."
No reference for this report is given on any of the UFO
Now for the journal article:
In J.P. Bagby's "Natural Earth Satellites" in the Journal of the
British Interplanetary Society(Vol. 34. #7, pg289-293, 1981) he
states that Grumman Aircraft Engineering detected an unknown
retrograde body in August 1960. These records are in Grumman
Report No.ADR 07-07-62.4. He lists eight observations from the
report which were made by six teams (7 locations).
Bagby goes on to calculate the orbital elements for these
retrograde objects. Seven such objects, which he attributes to a
parent body from a 1880 swarm, have an inclination of around 135
degrees. One other object is at 101 degrees. As of 1981, only
one of the seven objects were still visible and the 101 degree
Babgy contends that the retrograde group accounted for the 18th
and 19th century "Vulcan" sightings. I have not
read that paper.
Bagby J.P. "Vulcan" Evidence Re-Examined/Journal of the
Astronautical Sciences. Vol. 19. #4. ? USA, VA, Springfield:
Bagby J.P. Evidence of an Ephemeral Earth Satellite/Nature.
Vol. 211. #5045. ? Ldn, 1966.
Bagby J.P. Further "Vulcan" Evidence/Journal of the
Astronautical Sciences. Vol. 20. #4. ? USA, VA, Springfield:
Bagby J.P. Natural Earth Satellites/Journal of the British
Interplanetary Society. Vol. 34. #7. ? Ldn, 1981.
Bagby J.P. Terrestrial Satellites: Some Direct and Indirect
Evidence/Icarus. Vol. 10. #1. ? USA, NY, Ithaca, 1969.
Baker RML Ephemeral Natural Satellites of the Earth, Science,
128 (3333): 1211-1213 1958
I have found no recent sighting data on these satellites.