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Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 2005 > May > May 26

Secrecy News -- 05/26/05

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Thu, 26 May 2005 11:36:29 -0400
Fwd Date: Thu, 26 May 2005 12:23:37 -0400
Subject: Secrecy News -- 05/26/05


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2005, Issue No. 50
May 26, 2005


**   JASON ON SENSORS TO SUPPORT THE SOLDIER
**   THE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION ACT (CRS)
**   HOUSE SEEKS INVENTORY OF DOD INTEL PROGRAMS
**   HOUSE CALLS FOR STRATEGY ON OPEN SOURCE INTEL
**   SELECTED CRS REPORTS


JASON ON SENSORS TO SUPPORT THE SOLDIER

New technologies to aid Marines and other U.S. military forces
engaged in urban combat are explored in a recent report from the
secretive JASON scientific advisory group.

"The JASON study focused on the following topic areas: squad-
level communications; location, navigation, and maps; sensing
through walls; countering snipers; and uses for UAVs," according
to the unclassified report, a copy of which was obtained by
Secrecy News.

Conclusions range from prosaic -- "the most pressing
technological need is a radio for every infantryman" -- to
seemingly futuristic:

"Technology exists which should allow a small array of
microphones to be attached to a soldier's helmet, along with a
small microprocessor that is activated only when a supersonic
shock wave from a sniper's bullet is detected.  The array
determines the direction of the sniper... without distracting
the soldier."

The JASON study addresses a spectrum of complex technological
issues with unusual lucidity that makes them at least partially
comprehensible to a non-specialist reader.

The JASON group cultivates a slightly-frayed mystique that
extends even to its peculiar name.  Some say it is an allusion
to Jason and the Argonauts.  Others say it is an acronym for the
late summer and autumn months when JASON does most of its work:
July, August, September, October, November.

The new study includes JASON in its list of acronyms (p. 101)
but provides no expansion of the term.

See "Sensors to Support the Soldier," JASON, February 2005 (1.6
MB PDF file):

http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/dod/jason/sensors.pdf

An FAS archive of JASON studies may be found here:

http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/dod/jason/index.html


THE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION ACT (CRS)

There has long been a consensus that the export of certain
military or dual-use technologies must be regulated.

But the application of export controls has also drawn occasional
protests from affected industries, and in some cases has become
so burdensome as to have unintended adverse consequences on U.S.
scientists.  (See, e.g., "Controls on 'Deemed Exports' May
Threaten Research," Secrecy News, May 2, 2005).

The Congressional Research Service recently prepared a useful
introduction to the subject.

See "The Export Administration Act: Evolution, Provisions, and
Debate," updated May 5, 2005:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/secrecy/RL31832.pdf


HOUSE SEEKS INVENTORY OF DOD INTEL PROGRAMS

In an implicit acknowledgment of the limitations of
congressional oversight, the House Armed Services Committee
asked the Department of Defense to provide it with a
comprehensive inventory of DoD intelligence programs.

"The committee believes that it does not have complete
visibility into some defense intelligence programs that do not
clearly fall into the Joint Military Intelligence Program (JMIP)
or under the Tactical Intelligence and Related Activities
(TIARA) categories."

"Specifically, the committee notes that individual services may
have intelligence or intelligence-related programs such as
science and technology projects or information operations
programs related to defense intelligence that are embedded in
other service budget line items."

See Section 932 of the pending House version of the 2006 Defense
Authorization Act here:

  http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2005_cr/dod-inventory.html


HOUSE CALLS FOR STRATEGY ON OPEN SOURCE INTEL

In the pending Defense Authorization Act, the House Armed
Services Committee also directed the Department of Defense to
develop a strategy for better integrating open source
intelligence into the military intelligence production cycle.

"The amount, significance, and accessibility of open-source
information has exploded," the Committee said, "but the
Intelligence Community has not expanded its exploitation efforts
and systems to produce open-source intelligence."

See Section 931 of the House version of the 2006 Defense
Authorization Act here:

http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2005_cr/dod-osint.html


SELECTED CRS REPORTS

Some recent reports of the Congressional Research Service
obtained by Secrecy News include the following:

"U.S. Assistance to North Korea," updated April 26, 2005:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL31785.pdf

"Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure
Sector," updated April 25, 2005:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/RL32189.pdf

"Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial
Competition, and Satellite Exports," updated April 25, 2005:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/space/IB93062.pdf

"Detention of American Citizens as Enemy Combatants," updated
March 31, 2005:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL31724.pdf

"Argentina: Political Conditions and U.S. Relations," updated
March 31, 2005:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS21113.pdf

"Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: An Economic
Analysis," updated March 23, 2005:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RS21857.pdf

"Missile Defense: The Current Debate," updated March 23, 2005:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL31111.pdf

"Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS
Programs," updated March 17, 2005:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RS21148.pdf

"Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy," updated March 8, 2005:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS21981.pdf




_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

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_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:    www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email:  saftergood.nul
voice:  (202) 454-4691




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