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Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 2007 > Apr > Apr 13

Secrecy News -- 04/13/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Fri, 13 Apr 2007 14:21:44 -0400
Fwd Date: Fri, 13 Apr 2007 16:14:05 -0400
Subject: Secrecy News -- 04/13/07


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2007, Issue No. 40
April 13, 2007

Secrecy News Blog: http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

Support Secrecy News:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


**	MEASURING EFFECTIVENESS IN COMBATING TERRORISM (CRS)
**	AND MORE FROM CRS
**	NEW DOD INSTRUCTIONS
**	PENDING INTELLIGENCE LEGISLATION
**	VISUAL AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION REVISITED


MEASURING EFFECTIVENESS IN COMBATING TERRORISM (CRS)

In confronting the threat of terrorism, what would it mean to
win? And how would one know?

Terrorist and counterterrorist forces may both believe that they
are succeeding in their goals. And depending on their specific
objectives, they may both be right.

"Progress may be defined differently by the terrorists and those
who oppose them," according to a recently updated report of the
Congressional Research Service. "Hence both can claim progress,
and both can be correct in their assessments."

So, for example, "Western policymakers often tend to define
success by the absence of attacks. When the shooting or bombing
stops, for example, that is viewed as success. Yet terrorists
sometimes define success in terms of making governments expend
limited resources trying to defend an enormous number of
potential targets."

Assessing progress by focusing on those factors that can easily
be measured may mislead policymakers.

"A common pitfall of governments seeking to demonstrate success
in anti-terrorist measures is overreliance on quantitative
indicators, particularly those which may correlate with progress
but not accurately measure it, such as the amount of money spent
on anti-terror efforts."

With the growing realization that the threat of terrorism is a
distinct problem from the war in Iraq, a more thoughtful and
nuanced approach to counterterrorism may soon become possible.

"As terrorism is a complex multidimensional phenomenon,
effective responses to terrorism may need to take into account,
and to some degree be individually configured to respond to, the
evolving goals, strategies, tactics and operating environment of
different terrorist groups."

"Although terrorism's complex webs of characteristics -- along
with the inherent secrecy and compartmentalization of both
terrorist organizations and government responses -- limit
available data, the formulation of practical, useful measurement
criteria appears both tractable and ready to be addressed."

The Congressional Research Service does not make its
publications directly available to the public, but a copy was
obtained by Secrecy News.

See "Combating Terrorism: The Challenge of Measuring
Effectiveness," updated March 12, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/RL33160.pdf


AND MORE FROM CRS

Some new or newly updated products of the Congressional Research
Service that have not been made readily available to the public
include the following.

"National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence
Investigations: Legal Background and Recent Amendments," updated
March 20, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/RL33320.pdf

"Navy Force Structure: Alternative Force Structure Studies of
2005 -- Background for Congress," April 9, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL33955.pdf

"Enemy Combatant Detainees: Habeas Corpus Challenges in Federal
Court," updated April 6, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL33180.pdf

"Opening of the International Tracing Service's Holocaust-Era
Archives in Bad Arolsen, Germany," April 5, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RS22638.pdf


NEW DOD INSTRUCTIONS

The Department of Defense has issued several noteworthy new
policy Instructions on intelligence and national security
matters, including the following.

"Joint Reserve Intelligence Program (JRIP)," DoD Instruction
3305.07, March 27, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/i3305_07.pdf

"DoD Counterintelligence (CI) Training," DoD Instruction
3305.11, March 19, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/i3305_11.pdf

"Minimum Security Standards for Safeguarding Chemical Agents,"
DoD Instruction 5210.65, March 12, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/i5210_65.pdf


PENDING INTELLIGENCE LEGISLATION

"Today, following over a year of coordinated effort among the
Intelligence Community and the Department of Justice a bill is
being submitted to Congress to request long overdue changes to
the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act," according to an
April 13 fact sheet on the proposed changes issued by the
Justice Department and the Office of the Director of National
Intelligence:

http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2007/04/doj041307.pdf

The text of the legislative proposal, with a section by section
analysis, is available here:

http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2007/04/fisa-proposal.pdf

"If S. 372 [the FY 2007 Intelligence Authorization bill pending
in the Senate] were presented to the President, his senior
advisers would recommend that he veto the bill," according to an
April 12 Statement of Administration Policy. Among the bill's
intolerable provisions, the Statement said, are the fact that it
would require public disclosure of the annual intelligence
budget total. See:

http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2007/04/sap041207.pdf


VISUAL AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION REVISITED

When Secrecy News (04/11/07) gained unauthorized access to a
restricted U.S. Army manual on visual identification of U.S. and
foreign aircraft, we supposed that it was just one more case of
unnecessary and inappropriate secrecy.

But it turns out to be something worse than that, since the
document contains a surprising number of technical errors.

The dimensions given in the Army manual for the Predator
unmanned aerial vehicle are wrong, the Entropic Memes blog
astutely noted. And the entry for the B-52, among others, is
likewise incorrect.

"Please," Entropic Memes exclaimed. "If they can't get the
details of one of their own systems correct, how much faith can
you have that they got the details of anyone else's systems
right?"

http://www.slugsite.com/archives/366

In this case, the secrecy of the Army manual was not just an
arbitrary barrier to public access. It also "protected" numerous
errors that may make the document worse than useless.

Conversely, exposing the document to public scrutiny may now
make it possible to correct its errors so as to fulfill its
intended purpose.

Since it was posted on the Federation of American Scientists
website 48 hours ago, the Visual Aircraft Recognition manual has
been downloaded over seventy thousand times, an exceptionally
high rate of access.

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-01-80.pdf




_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, send email to
secrecy_news-request.nul
with "subscribe" in the body of the message.

OR email your request to saftergood.nul

Secrecy News is archived at:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/index.html

Secrecy News is available in blog format at:
http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

SUPPORT Secrecy News with a donation here:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp

_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691



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