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Secrecy News -- 02/06/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Tue, 6 Feb 2007 13:14:14 -0500
Fwd Date: Wed, 07 Feb 2007 07:38:48 -0500
Subject: Secrecy News -- 02/06/07


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2007, Issue No. 14
February 6, 2007

Secrecy News Blog:  http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

Support Secrecy News:

http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


**ISOO ASKS ATTORNEY GENERAL TO RULE ON CHENEY'S ROLE
**ARMY MANUAL ON PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS
**LEE S. STRICKLAND, FORMER CIA OFFICER


ISOO ASKS ATTORNEY GENERAL TO RULE ON CHENEY'S ROLE

In an extraordinary internal challenge to the unruly Office of
the Vice President (OVP), the Information Security Oversight
Office (ISOO) has formally petitioned the Attorney General to
direct the OVP to comply with a requirement that executive
branch organizations disclose statistics on their classification
and declassification activity to ISOO.

For the last three years, Vice President Cheney's office has
refused to divulge its classification statistics to ISOO,
despite a seemingly explicit requirement that it do so.  Prior
to 2002, such information had routinely been transmitted and
reported in ISOO's annual reports to the President.

The disclosure requirement appears in ISOO Directive 1 (at
section 2001.80):  "Each agency that creates or handles
classified information shall report annually to the Director of
ISOO statistics related to its security classification program."

Such ISOO directives "shall be binding upon the agencies,"
President Bush wrote in Executive Order 13292 (section 5.1).
Significantly, an "agency" here means not only a statutorily-
defined executive branch agency (which would not include the
OVP), but also refers to "any other entity within the executive
branch that comes into the possession of classified information"
(which would include the OVP).

Last May, the Federation of American Scientists urged ISOO to
press for the Vice President's compliance. (SN, 05/31/06).

"Since the Office of the Vice President has publicly staked out
a position that openly defies the plain language of the
executive order, ISOO now has a responsibility to clarify the
matter," we wrote at that time.  "Otherwise, every agency will
feel free to re-interpret the order in idiosyncratic and self-
serving ways."

http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/2006/05/isoo-ovp.pdf

This week ISOO indicated that it was actively pursuing the
matter.

"With respect to the question you raised, I was unsuccessful in
achieving a common understanding with OVP," wrote ISOO director
J. William Leonard in a February 5 email message.

"Accordingly, in early January, pursuant to section 6.2(b),
Executive Order 12958, as amended, I wrote the Attorney General
requesting that he render an interpretation on the issue," he
wrote.

(Section 6.2(b) of the executive order states that "The Attorney
General, upon request by the head of an agency or the Director
of the Information Security Oversight Office, shall render an
interpretation of this order with respect to any question
arising in the course of its administration.")

"I have not received a reply to this request as of yet," Mr.
Leonard wrote.

He declined to provide a copy of his January letter to the
Attorney General, explaining that it is pre-decisional.

The Justice Department has been asked at least once before to
resolve a dispute over implementation of the executive order on
classification.

In 1999, the Central Intelligence Agency refused to accept the
jurisdiction of the Interagency Security Classification Appeals
Panel over Agency classification activity.  But the Justice
Department Office of Legal Counsel issued a ruling in October
1999 that the CIA classification decisions were indeed subject
to ISCAP review.  That state of affairs was modified by
President Bush in 2003, when he effectively gave the Director of
Central Intelligence a veto over ISCAP decisions.


ARMY MANUAL ON PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS

A U.S. Army manual on psychological operations elaborates upon
the role of PSYOP in military activities.

"The employment of any element of national power, particularly
the military element, has always had a psychological dimension.
Foreign perceptions of U.S. military capabilities are
fundamental to strategic deterrence. The effectiveness of
deterrence hinges on U.S. ability to influence the perceptions
of others."

"The purpose of PSYOP is to induce or reinforce foreign
attitudes and behavior favorable to U.S. national objectives...
When properly employed, PSYOP can save lives of friendly and
adversary forces by reducing the adversaries' will to fight. By
lowering adversary morale and reducing their efficiency, PSYOP
can also discourage aggressive actions and create dissidence and
disaffection within their ranks, ultimately inducing surrender."

The 179 page manual has not been approved for public release,
but a copy was obtained by Secrecy News.

See "Psychological Operations," Field Manual FM 3-05.30, April
2005:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-05-30.pdf


LEE S. STRICKLAND, FORMER CIA OFFICER

Secrecy News was sad to learn that Lee S. Strickland, a former
Central Intelligence Agency official, died on January 23.

We first encountered him perhaps 15 years ago when he was the
head of the CIA Freedom of Information office, where he used to
reliably deny our FOIA requests.  Over the years he seemed to
enlarge his horizons and to admit the possibility of contrasting
views.  He taught his students at the University of Maryland
that information policy could be exciting as well as important.
And he was a nice guy.

See this obituary for Lee Strickland from the University of
Maryland of Information Studies:

http://www.clis.umd.edu/news_events/lee-strickland.shtml



_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

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_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:    www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email:  saftergood.nul
voice:  (202) 454-4691




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