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Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 2007 > Feb > Feb 13

Secrecy News -- 02/12/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Mon, 12 Feb 2007 15:06:22 -0500
Fwd Date: Tue, 13 Feb 2007 07:59:52 -0500
Subject: Secrecy News -- 02/12/07


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2007, Issue No. 17
February 12, 2007

Secrecy News Blog: http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

Support Secrecy News:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


**	DOD ADDS "CREDIBILITY ASSESSMENT" TO POLYGRAPH PROGRAM
**	U.S. ARMY ON IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICE DEFEAT
**	U.S. NAVY ON RELEASE OF COMSEC MATERIAL TO INDUSTRY
**	CRS ON THE DECLINE OF ARMS CONTROL


DOD ADDS "CREDIBILITY ASSESSMENT" TO POLYGRAPH PROGRAM

The Department of Defense has revised and supplemented its
polygraph program to include non-polygraph techniques for
detecting deception.

A new Pentagon directive introduces the term "Credibility
Assessment (CA)," which refers to "The multi-disciplinary field
of existing as well as potential techniques and procedures to
assess truthfulness that relies on physiological reactions and
behavioral measures to test the agreement between an
individual's memories and statements."

The new directive also transfers the polygraph program from the
Defense Security Service to the secretive DoD
Counterintelligence Field Activity (CIFA). The program will be
overseen by the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.

Eleven military and defense intelligence organizations listed in
the directive are authorized to conduct polygraph and
credibility assessment examinations.

The reliability of polygraph testing for employee screening is
widely disputed on scientific grounds. But many government
security officials nevertheless insist on its value and utility,
and the practice persists.

See "Polygraph and Credibility Assessment Program," Department
of Defense Directive 5210.48, January 25, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/d5210_48.pdf


U.S. ARMY ON IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICE DEFEAT

Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) are a major source of U.S.
and allied casualties in Iraq. Military doctrine for confronting
and defeating the IED threat is set forth in a 2005 U.S. Army
field manual.

"The proliferation of IEDs on the battlefield in both Iraq and
Afghanistan has posed the most pervasive threat facing coalition
forces in those theaters," the manual states. "The persistent
effectiveness of this threat has influenced unit operations,
U.S. policy, and public perception."

The manual discusses the nature of the threat, describes the
defining characteristics of IEDs, and presents a framework for
developing opposing strategy and tactics.

The manual has not been approved for public release and portions
of the document that may be operationally sensitive are being
withheld from publication online by Secrecy News.

See "Improvised Explosive Device Defeat (excerpt)," Field Manual
Interim FMI 3-34.119, September 2005 (44 pages of a total 142
pages):

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fmi3-34-119-excerpt.pdf

The 2005 document makes no mention of the explosively formed
projectiles (EFPs) that have recently been described by the
Department of Defense as a particularly dangerous variant of
IED. See a February 11, 2007 DoD briefing on "Iranian Support
for Lethal Activity in Iraq," via TPM Muckraker:

http://www.tpmmuckraker.com/archives/002534.php


U.S. NAVY ON RELEASE OF COMSEC MATERIAL TO INDUSTRY

The transfer of sensitive government communications security
(COMSEC) information and equipment to industry is the subject of
a newly revised U.S. Navy Instruction.

"Government cryptographic equipment operations will ordinarily
be conducted by the Government," the Instruction states.

"However, when there is a valid need and it is clearly in the
best interest of the Navy and the Government, cryptographic
equipment, keying material, related COMSEC information, and
access to classified U.S. Government traffic may be provided to
U.S. contractors...."

See "Release of Communications Security (COMSEC) Material To
U.S. Industrial Firms Under Contract to the U.S. Navy,"
OPNAVINST 2221.5C, February 7, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/navy/opnavinst/2221_5c.pdf


CRS ON THE DECLINE OF ARMS CONTROL

The decline of arms control as an instrument of policy in the
Bush Administration is charted in a new report from the
Congressional Research Service, which surveys the evolution of
the field over the last several decades.

"The Bush Administration has altered the role of arms control in
U.S. national security policy," the CRS report states.

"The President and many in his Administration question the
degree to which arms control negotiations and formal treaties
can enhance U.S. security objectives."

"Instead, the Administration would prefer, when necessary, that
the United States take unilateral military action or join in ad
hoc coalitions to stem the proliferation of weapons of mass
destruction."

"The absence of confidence in arms control has extended to the
State Department, where the Bush Administration has removed the
phrase 'arms control' from all bureaus that were responsible for
this policy area."

See "Arms Control and Nonproliferation: A Catalog of Treaties
and Agreements," January 29, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RL33865.pdf


_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, send email to
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Secrecy News is archived at:
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Secrecy News is available in blog format at:
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SUPPORT Secrecy News with a donation here:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp

_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691




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