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'A Primer In Audio 1964-1967' A Review

From: Robert Barrow <rbarr.nul>
Date: Wed, 10 Jan 2007 01:08:22 -0500
Fwd Date: Wed, 10 Jan 2007 08:13:54 -0500
Subject: 'A Primer In Audio 1964-1967' A Review

Wendy Connors' Night Journeys in Ufology:
UFOLOGY: A Primer in Audio 1964-1967 (Second Edition, Volume 02)
Copyright 2006 (Dec) by Wendy A. Connors
Total running time exceeds 24 hours (24:17:20), 29 tracks,
digital print guide, mp3 format

Robert Barrow

To order inquire at:


Appreciating the historical value of a Faded Discs release
compares with a visit to the Smithsonian Museum of UFO History,
and this newest disc from FD sparkles, for it covers the
important years of 1964-1967 - featuring the '64 Socorro/Zamora
UFO encounter, the Michigan "swamp gas" (a term that Dr. Hynek
never used, by the way, as Wendy Connors advised us previously)
sightings of 1966, and an abundance of UFO activity reported
during the summer of 1965, plus a lot more.

Before highlighting the contents of this release, however (at 24
hours-plus, that's an entire day and night without sleep for the
serious listener), a word or two about Wendy Connors, known to
many readers and listeners as the conductor who orchestrates the
quality of every Faded Discs project, is warranted. Connors,
applying "audioficial resuscitation" to nearly dead, long-lost
and forgotten recordings so they can have a new life, does far
more than simply convert old tapes and other media into digital
format. For instance, there are occasions when she literally
prepares a very special bath in order to wash and enhance old
reel-to-reel tapes, giving their sound quality a luster that
couldn't be captured otherwise, and in fact some people
unacquainted with such restoration techniques and lacking
dedication would likely just throw problematic tapes into the
trash basket. If you think giving the family dog a bath is
difficult, imagine attempting to properly clean up the family
reel-to-reels without ending up with strands of useless tape and
an oxide disaster.

Having contributed a few recordings to the project myself, Wendy
surprised me on one occasion when I sent her some reel-to-reel
tapes, and inside one of the tape boxes was an old newspaper
clip referencing the recorded program. She immediately advised
me that chemicals used in newsprint can out-gas and actually
deteriorate the tape, so all such material should be stored
outside of the box. As you can see, Wendy knows her stuff, cares
about the precision of her talents, never throws a collection
together as if tossing a salad, and, in addition, the very tape
just mentioned is included in this collection, sounding as good
as it did originally thanks to her intervention.

So, what have we here?

This collection begins with a May, 1964 edition of Bob Kennedy's
"Contact" program from WBZ Radio in Boston. As in numerous
instances on this disc, several "heavy hitters" known to many in
UFO research appear as guests. Barely a month after the Socorro
UFO landing/occupant report that shook world headlines, the
program begins with reporter Streeter Stuart's phone interview
with Officer Lonnie Zamora about the egg-shaped Socorro UFO, its
occupants and the burning vegetation left behind as the object
took off with a flaming roar. Also in the studio is amateur
astronomer and respected NICAP proponent Walter Webb, and over
the course of an hour and a quarter we are also treated to a
phone conversation with Major Donald Keyhoe, NICAP director;
Lyle Boyd, co-author with notorious debunker/astronomer Dr.
Donald Menzel of the book, "The World of Flying Saucers;" and NY
farmer Gary Wilcox, who describes his alleged encounter with UFO

Boyd, whom I can't recall hearing in any other broadcast venue,
coherently does her best to defend Dr. Menzel's UFO denials, and
believes every word she says. Major Keyhoe discusses Air Force
(UFO reporting) Regulation 200-2 and delves into radar images
and classified UFO photos, referencing the UFO evidence

And then there's the case of Newark, NY farmer Gary Wilcox,
whose UFO encounter occurred in a similar time frame to
Zamora's, and seemed far more bizarre. As a NY teenager when
newspapers began picking up this story, I remember being both
fascinated and horrified. Here was a young dairy farmer, an ex-
serviceman, speaking in a matter-of-fact manner about seeing
something shiny off in the distance, hopping on his tractor and
driving up to the thing, an object on the ground appearing
roughly like the Socorro UFO. But then his story becomes very
strange indeed. Bob Kennedy's show features a taped interview
with Wilcox, speaking from his barn phone, where we can actually
hear contented cows mooing in the background:

WILCOX: "These two things, or men, or whatever they are came
out. They were about four foot high. I don't know what they are
or who they were, but they talked to me for about two hours up
there (in the field - rb)."

KENNEDY: "You could perfectly understand them?"

WILCOX: "Yeah, they talked better English than you're talking...
no accent... I spoke German and Russian when I was in the
service, and it was nothing like either one of them."

Credibility became rather strained when I heard about this case
in the sixties, having already become dismissive of famous
contactee stories of the period. Yet, here was young Gary
Wilcox, his honesty impressing everybody with whom he spoke,
including private and official investigators - and most
essential to me, apparently every neighbor who knew him vouched
for his rock-solid integrity, assuring him incapable of wanting
or needing to invent this incredible story. A UFO perched in an
agricultural field during daylight, with two small occupants
sacrificing two hours out of their, I assume, busy schedule to
converse with Wilcox and answer questions and impart knowledge
about the universe? In fact, Wilcox tells Kennedy that he has
withheld certain details of the conversation voluntarily so he
may impart something of significance to government

Frankly, the "hidden details" aspect of the incident isn't that
unusual in the history of occupant contacts, and the Wilcox case
summons up similar day time events once reported with some
regularity in European countries in the fifties and sixties. All
things considered, this reviewer wonders whether, if true,
Wilcox wasn't "simply" experiencing an abduction experience
whose interpretation in the telling was far different (e.g., in
a lighter vein) than what he actually encountered. Or endured.
The Wilcox incident, unless so me major truth has come to light
of which I'm unaware, remains disturbing. At any rate, with cows
mooing in the background (perhaps affectionately requesting to
be milked, for fear that Wilcox will desert them for another
hours-long session with the unexplained?), this guy sounds
humble, yet firmly committed to his story. What to think?

Ten days after Kennedy's show comes radio's "Action Nightline,"
this time with NICAP's Walter Webb again, joined by APRO photo
analyst John Hoft. Running well over an hour, there's some great
science talk here, along with discussions of UFO pictures
confiscated by the U.S. government, UFOs seen over D.C. in the
fifties, the Socorro case, the Trindade UFO photos and the
intriguing Ubatuba story involving possible UFO fragments. Webb
fascinates us with a story of two disc-shaped objects following
and looping around an aircraft as witnesses observed from the

"The Bob Roarke Show" hales from Florida as December, 1964 nears
an end. This show's mark of distinction is Roarke's interview
with university profess or Dr. Ernest Gehman. Gehman followed up
a report by Virginia civil engineer Horace Burns, who spotted a
UFO on or near the ground, some distance from a highway. This
was a time when many UFO reports occurred in Virginia. Gehman
took a Geiger counter to the exact spot in question and recorded
high radioactivity readings soon after the incident. Weeks
later, Gehman accompanies a team of Air Force investigators to
the site who bring their own instrumentation. Gehman regrets
that he, this time, did not bring his Geiger counter, and no
wonder: The Air Force investigators claim no radiation readings,
 but Gehman notes three occasions on their Geiger counter when
the needle started to register something. At that point, the
technician would adjust a dial and say, "You see, there's no
radiation here." Major Keyhoe is called into the mix here,
expressing his own support for Gehman's story, and then
discussing the famous Wallops Island UFO case as he also
references the official "Estimate of the Situation," the
government's top secret belief that UFOs were somebody from
somewhere else.

1965's disastrous (for the host) "Les Crane Show" appears here,
the ABC-TV late-night variety program whose days were numbered
after host Crane conducted an entire show by ridiculing Major
Keyhoe, NICAP and UFOs in general. Not even the presence of UFO
investigation proponent and NICAP board member Col. J. Bryant,
former special assistant to the secretary of the Air Force,
could temper Crane's ridicule, and to assist in deriding every
last ounce of what should have been a sober UFO discussion,
Crane brought out a skeptical - no, Crane brought out a
debunking astronomer. The show was an outrage in every way,
ABC-TV "got mail" and weeks later Les Crane was gone, gone,
gone. Confession: Your reviewer really enjoyed Crane, who flew
in the Air Force, and his show up to the point of disaster was
quite good. I even found his popular seventies record album,
"Desiderata," creative. But for whatever reason, this otherwise
affable TV host of considerable talent and broadcast experience
absolutely shot himself in the foot multiple times in the space
of one nationally televised show and paid the price. Never let
anybody deny the unanticipated power of UFO ridicule.

"Impact Close-Up: What is NICAP" was a show out of Richmond, VA,
putting a positive spotlight on NICAP's history and goals.
Richard Hall, NICAP's assistant director, steps before the
microphone here, one of his earliest broadcast appearances. With
him is NICAP member Paul Dickey.

Other programs bring us obscure, but nonetheless essential,
interviews with people such as Steve Putnam and Edwin Fogg of
the New England UFO Study Group who discuss the Hill case, the
impressive Exeter, NH events and other current UFO events. "The
Fred B. Cole Show" gives us author John Luttrell, the very first
to bring Barney and Betty Hill to public consciousness, prior to
John Fuller's articles and book about them. 1965's "Forum"
offers UFO researcher Earl J. Neff and another member of the
Cleveland Ufology Project discussing the well-publicized UFO
"flap" in the southwestern U.S.

Raymond Fowler, surely one of the most respected names in UFO
research, offers a great interview on a program where he
discusses several UFO incidents, electromagnetic effects caused
by UFOs, and quotes from the Brookings Institute report
exploring the impact of extraterrestrial contact on our lives:
"If super-intelligence is discovered, the results become quite
unpredictable. It has been speculated that, of all groups,
scientists and engineers might be the most devastated by the
discovery of relatively superior creatures, since these
professions are most clearly associated with the mastery of
nature, rather than with the understanding and expression of
men." Fowler is also featured elsewhere in this collection.

Skeptics, debunkers and researchers from all sides may find
"Note Pad" with Paul Benzaquin of interest, as he takes calls
following a UFO hoax he staged the previous evening. Even from
this tomfoolery we can all learn something.

George Fawcett, yet another well-placed name in UFO research
annals, joins Earl J. Neff and others to discuss, most notably,
the 1965 UFO flap and the Exeter, NH incidents.

J. Allen Hynek presents as younger researchers may never have
known him - highly skeptical and seemingly almost married to the
Air Force position when it came to UFOs. Here, in various
programs, Hynek intricately wraps himself around "marsh gas" as
a UFO report percipient in Michigan. Thus begins the slow change
of Air Force UFO consultant Hynek from ardent skeptic to
proponent, based upon evidence he could no longer ignore or
effectively refute. "Any open-minded scientist must not close
his mind to the possibility that there are things we do not
know about," he states during one of numerous moments of

Several Michigan UFO witnesses are interviewed on this disc,
officials are criticized for their handling of the sightings and
radar confirmation of Michigan UFOs is discussed. One show's
caller, acquainted well with Frank Manners and his son, who
witnessed a UFO at close range, almost implores people to
believe something weird is afoot as he admits, "We've just had
too much out here to laugh at anymore."

A pivotal NICAP press conference held amidst the Michigan
sightings and in response to public outrage over "swamp gas" as
an explanation also occupies this disc. Major Keyhoe, Richard
Hall and board member Col. Joseph B. Hartranft, Jr., are
available to respond to press concerns. Col. Hartranft, well -
 spoken and authoritative, explains at one point: "When you run
into situations when techniques such as radar takes these
sightings out of the realm of pure speculation, and when you
have situations of what I call triple confirmation - an
experienced pilot in the air who sees and repeats a finding, a
ground observer who sees and repeats the same finding in the
same place, and a man at the end of the radar, too, who is
reporting echoes on his radar scope - then it is time to think
in terms of the expertise that is required, and not to
speculate." Keyhoe discusses the Exeter, NH reports and a Texas
UFO report from the same night, when police officers felt heat
from a nearby UFO.

An entry not to be missed is a 1966 program entitled "Spectrum
95: The Flying Saucer Flap," brimming with brief interviews of
scientists, officials, investigators and witnesses having
knowledge of UFO reports. Among them is famed researcher and
NICAP proponent Don Berliner, and former Air Force press desk
chief Al Chop offers his opinions pertaining to UFOs. Berliner
personally investigated and praises the Socorro case and states,
"When Dr. Hynek left, he admitted openly that he was more
puzzled than when he had arrived." Chop is particularly of
interest because as the years have passed he has embraced
various theories about UFOs. Initially impressed with the
extraterrestrial spacecraft theory in the fifties and early
sixties, by the time he's interviewed for this 1966 program he
entertains the idea of some natural but unknown phenomenon. But
10 years later he was considering an interdimensional origin, or
at least that was partially on his mind. Chop should certainly
be given credit for keeping an open mind about the phenomenon
which so influenced his early government years.....

Also interviewed briefly is Mrs. Paul Trent of Trent UFO photos
fame and even James Moseley pops up for a few comments. The Air
Force, strangely, would not provide a spokesperson for the show.

Broadcaster and NICAP supporter Lou Corbin invited Richard Hall
and Donald Berliner to his radio program in 1966, and Hall
explained the effort involved at NICAP for production of 1964's
"The UFO Evidence:"

"We worked day and night for a long time to accomplish it. It is
a document of over 200,000 words, accumulating the best cases of
our files at that time. I believe we had something just over
5,000 reports in the files, and from these we culled the best,
approximately 600 cases, after putting them through a rigid
test. Fifty percent of them came from trained or experienced
observers, such as scientists and airline pilots."

Adds Berliner: "Some of the things (UFOs) were doing over 20
years ago, we don't even have any idea how to do. Obviously, if
we had machines 20 years ago performing in this way, we wouldn't
have wasted tens of billions of dollars on conventional bombers
and fighters, and we wouldn't be struggling through these crude
attempts to get into space."

Writing notes while listening to this disc, I found myself
jotting furiously and at greatest length about entry no. 52, a
two-part 1966 WDRC radio program, probably because the
combination of narration by host Jim Nettleton, guest interviews
and cases covered provides an excellent account of the time in
question. At the outset, the 1966 Michigan UFO reports are
explored, and before even a minute elapses we hear the angry
voice of Ann Arbor sheriff Douglas Harvey, soon after Dr. Hynek
said publicly that a UFO report in that area could be explained.
Growls Harvey: "Last night he was in my office. He told me he
had no idea what it was, but he said the Pentagon told him he
had to make a statement tomorrow." One suspects that this was
another turning point in the education of, not the anxious
public, but of Dr. Hynek himself, as he slowly abandoned the Air
Force UFO position in general. Nevertheless, we hear Hynek as he
lays out the case for "marsh gas" as UFO.

We are reminded here that UFOs were seen in many states, and
although Michigan seemed to dominate press coverage, states such
as Indiana and Wisconsin also witnessed strange sights. If
anything should have made scientists in love with Air Force
explanations walk the plank, a period during the summer of 1965
when hundreds, if not thousands, of people in four western
states observed UFOs should have provided their jump-ship
opportunity. I recall the four-page bulletin NICAP mailed to
members and media after the Air Force confidently announced
that Jupiter and four bright stars were the culprits for
spectacular aerial light displays dazzling those deluded
westerners. Trouble is, Jupiter and the four stars were only
visible from the other side of the planet during the sightings.
Astronomers who actually bothered to care were outraged and one,
Robert Risser, director of the Oklahoma Science and Arts
Foundation Planetarium, responded "This is as far from the truth
as you can get."

Project Blue Book takes a well-deserved pounding on the disc,
and even former Air Force UFO project monitor/intelligence
officer Dewey J. Fournet, Jr., is interviewed here and warns
that the Air Force "has never given (the UFO subject) the
attention that it should." He also shuns any notion that the
famed Utah UFO movie involved birds - that there were "no
seagulls" in Utah. At another point, Fournet responds to Air
Force claims that all UFO information has been released
publicly: "From the evidence I have seen, they certainly are not
releasing much of it."

Major Keyhoe is interviewed, and Walter Webb makes another of
numerous appearances on this disc, describing how the UFO
hearings that Gerald Ford fought to initiate ended up with the
Air Force basically telling its own one-sided UFO story as the
dominant participant.

Police officers are heard from, as is researcher George Earley,
and a discussion ensues about TV celebrity Arthur Godfrey's UFO
sighting as a private pilot, when he took multiple evasive
actions to avoid perceived danger. Many familiar with Godfrey's
TV work may not have realized his extensive flight experience as
an Air Force Reserve colonel, and he didn't mind talking
publicly about his frightening UFO encounter in a civilian

On part two of this exceptional program, we hear from John G.
Fuller regarding the Exeter, NH case, Barney Hill, and witnesses
to the Wanaque, NJ reservoir incident. Dr. William Pickering of
JPL and Dr. Frank Salisbury of Colorado State University are
featured, along with Walter Webb once again. This time, some
older but crucial UFO events are outlined, including the Capt.
Raymond Ryan UFO-chasing airline incident, the Killian airline
case, the Lake Superior mystery and the 1965 Northeast power
blackout. One of the police officers involved directly in the
dramatic Exeter, NH event speaks and Fuller, author of "Incident
at Exeter," gives the officer and other witnesses high marks
for integrity.

The Ryan airline case of 1956 was significant because Ryan and
co-pilot William Neff were officially instructed to abandon
their routine passenger flight from Albany to Syracuse, NY to
chase a UFO, an absolute no-no of incredibly dangerous
proportions. NICAP's Richard Hall knew the case well and offers
the story: "They did go off course at the request of the area
Air Force base and did pursue an unidentified flying object, and
this later was completely denied by all concerned... the company
denied it and the Civil Aeronautics Board and the FAA denied it
later. But we (NICAP) have the documented proof of it."
Debunking astronomer Donald Menzel, always good for a laugh,
claimed the planet Venus was involved, and in fact at another
section of the program Major Fournet described how Menzel
ignored all the good UFO evidence Fournet once gave him.

The Mariner pictures of Mars are discussed here and it seems
genuinely strange to realize that some astronomers were then
holding to a belief that intelligently placed canals may exist
on Mars, based upon Mariner images. Curious mention is made that
a UFO hovered near the Canberra tracking station as Mars images
were being transmitted back and another station wasn't
functioning to receive images at that time. Dr. Frank Strong of
Johns Hopkins University suggests enthusiastically that some
parts of Venus can probably support life as we know it. Yes, he

Elsewhere on the disc is a lengthy interview conducted with both
Barney and Betty Hill about their abduction experience, with
Earl J. Neff along for great support and wisdom, and another
program pairs Neff with famed broadcaster Frank Edwards to
discuss foreign and American cases. Edwards had recently written
his bestseller, "Flying Saucers: Serious Business," and on
another disc track Connors offers us the bonus of Edwards'
popular LP of the same name.

Connors includes Long John Nebel from 1967, when he had moved
his late-night talk show from WOR Radio to WNBC. He and several
guests discuss Project Blue Book and the status of the Colorado
UFO study. Following this show, running over an hour, Nebel's
1967 LP, "The Flying Saucer Story," is offered, giving us a
chance to laugh at outrageous claims thrust upon us by some of
the most famous contactees of the era. At one point in
narration, Nebel flat-out states, "I don't buy any of it," but
his preoccupation with contactees for many years certainly
provided Nebel a lucrative radio career. The LP, not to be
forgotten, also allows a few well-stated words from Major Keyhoe
and Frank Edwards, who add the only hint of sanity and truth to
this LP. Folks, once you tap into this particular entry, you may
be unable to walk away from nearly 40 minutes of pure Long John

As we approach the final tracks of this mammoth collection, a
1967 press conference by Dr. Hynek emerges, almost a half hour
in length. Then, just as the most interesting programs would
seem to be over, Wendy Connors adds "Science Panel: Captured by
a UFO." This may sound like a tabloid magazine, but instead we
have a rather scientific discussion. Panelists include Dr. James
McDonald, Dr. Carl Sagan, Dr. R. Leo Sprinkle and others who
take this opportunity to question Barney and Betty Hill, who sit
before them to relate their story. Sagan, predictably, seems
incredulous about any possibility that UFO occupants could look
anything like us. "Unidentified doesn't mean extraterrestrial,"
Sagan eventually warns, "it means we don't understand it."
McDonald is impressed with the compass spinning when held over
shiny spots on the Hill's car after their journey home, and
debates Sagan wonderfully. Dr. Sprinkle considerately explores
Betty's dreams without violating her privacy. Also present is
author John Fuller, quite adept at explaining Dr. Benjamin
Simon's (the Hills' psychiatrist) non- interest in UFOs.

If you really wish to reminisce with the likes of Dr. Menzel,
there's also "Open Mind" (how Menzel ended up on a show with
that title may provide the biggest mystery), but fortunately
he's joined by Dr. Hynek, Dr. Sprinkle, author John Fuller and
Dr. Frank B. Salisbury. This is actually an interesting public
affairs program from WNBC, moderated by a professor from
Princeton University.

Wendy concludes her compilation with the, redundancy not
intended, uniquely offbeat. It isn't every day that a nun, a
professor of chemistry at Immaculate Heart College, sits down
with an interviewer and pours out her extensive knowledge of UFO
history, NICAP and other UFO organizations. Yet, here's Sister
Ann Jude being interviewed by Bob Wright, enthusiastically
imparting her vast knowledge in a program intended solely to
reflect an "interesting " part of campus life at Immaculate
Heart. A college recruitment program with a nun spouting UFO
history as a draw for potential students? Yes, and very well -
unexpectedly well - done.

Offering recent as well as ancient UFO accounts, Sister Jude
explains her concern: "I was amazed at the number of books and
the number of studies and the number of sightings there were,
and this is how I became interested in this." Exploring both the
ongoing Colorado study and fake vs. real UFO photos, she
encourages scientists to explore UFOs earnestly. "The assumption
of our scientific community is that there is life in outer
space," she affirms, "and that the universe is so very large
that it is improbable that we would be the only planet that
would have life."

Now, to address those readers actually intent upon booking a
flight to Washington to visit the Smithsonian Museum of UFO
History, I must advise that this new Faded Discs collection
might not be for them. To everybody else, know that UFO
history's spoken gold inhabits this very worthwhile collection.

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