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Secrecy News -- 01/29/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Mon, 29 Jan 2007 12:46:43 -0500
Fwd Date: Tue, 30 Jan 2007 07:03:37 -0500
Subject: Secrecy News -- 01/29/07


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2007, Issue No. 10
January 29, 2007

Secrecy News Blog: http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

Support Secrecy News:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


**	FY 2007 INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATION BILL ADVANCES
**	SPECIAL FORCES FREE FALL OPERATIONS
**	ARMY CIVIL AFFAIRS OPERATIONS
**	VARIOUS RESOURCES


FY 2007 INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATION BILL ADVANCES

After two years without an annual intelligence authorization and
more than three months into Fiscal Year 2007, the FY 2007
intelligence authorization bill (S. 372) has been reintroduced in
the Senate and reported out of the Senate Intelligence Committee.
See the January 24 Committee report here:

http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2007_rpt/srpt110-2.html

"This is a critically important piece of national security
legislation, and the fact that our intelligence agencies have
operated without authorizing legislation for two years represents
an unfortunate failure of Congressional oversight," wrote
Senators Ron Wyden and Russ Feingold, who noted that they
nevertheless had concerns about some of its provisions.

Among its positive features, the Senate bill would require
disclosure of the amounts requested, authorized and appropriated
for the National Intelligence Program (Section 107). It would
further mandate consideration of disclosure of the agency budgets
of each of the 16 elements of the intelligence community, as
recommended by the 9-11 Commission.

Declassification of the intelligence budget is the sine qua non
for establishing a sensible national security classification
system.

Some other provisions of the Senate bill are controversial, and
should require referral of the bill to the Senate Judiciary
Committee for further deliberation, argued Kate Martin and
Brittany Benowitz of the Center for National Security Studies in
a January 11, 2007 assessment.

The bill, they wrote, "would permit the Intelligence Community to
access vast troves of personal information on Americans collected
by the FBI or other agencies while limiting application of the
Privacy Act to that information (section 310); it would limit
application of the Privacy Act to records maintained by the
Office of the Director of National Intelligence (section 416); it
would exempt enormous numbers of files of the Office of the
Director of National Intelligence from even the search and review
requirements of the FOIA (section 411); [and] it would permit NSA
and CIA protective personnel to make warrantless arrests for
offenses not committed in their presence (section 424 and 432)."

Last week the bill was referred to the Senate Armed Services
Committee for a ten-day period.


SPECIAL FORCES FREE FALL OPERATIONS

The safe performance of parachute entries into hostile territory
by Special Forces personnel is addressed in a U.S. Army manual.

Military free-fall (MFF) parachute operations "are used when enemy
air defense systems, terrain restrictions, or politically
sensitive environments prevent low altitude penetration or when
mission needs require a clandestine insertion."

"This field manual presents a series of concise, proven techniques
and guidelines that are essential to safe, successful MFF
operations."

See "Special Forces Military Free-Fall Operations," Field Manual
FM 3-05.211, April 2005 (295 pages, 14 MB):

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-05-211.pdf

The unclassified Special Forces manual has not been approved for
public release, but a copy was obtained by Secrecy News.

Before posting the document on the Federation of American
Scientists web site, we turned to M, a friendly parachutist who
is attuned to national security classification concerns, and
asked whether there was any reason not to do so.

"I reviewed the manual carefully and consulted with a couple of
people and I didn't see anything that would suggest that any
portion of the report requires special protection," he said.


ARMY CIVIL AFFAIRS OPERATIONS

"Civil Affairs" has recently been elevated to a branch of the U.S.
Army by order of Army Secretary Francis J. Harvey on January 12,
2007.

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/go29.pdf

The role of civil affairs is to support "the interaction of
military forces with the civilian populace [in or around the
battlefield] to facilitate military operations and consolidate
operational objectives."

According to an Army manual on civil affairs operations (pdf), "A
supportive civilian population can provide resources and
information that facilitate friendly operations. It can also
provide a positive climate for the military and diplomatic
activity a nation pursues to achieve foreign policy objectives."

Conversely, "A hostile civilian population threatens the immediate
operations of deployed friendly forces and can often undermine
public support at home for the policy objectives of the United
States and its allies. When executed properly, civil-military
operations can reduce friction between the civilian population
and the military force."

The Army manual has not been approved for public release, but a
copy was obtained by Secrecy News.

See "Civil Affairs Operations," U.S. Army Field Manual FM 3-05.40,
September 2006 (184 pages, 4 MB PDF).

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-05-40.pdf


VARIOUS RESOURCES

In the latest ruling in the prosecution of two former officials of
the American Israel Public Affairs Committee for allegedly
mishandling classified information, Judge T.S. Ellis III said
that press leaks regarding the case did not constitute a
violation of court rules because the leaks apparently derived
from law enforcement sources and not from a sealed grand jury
proceeding. On January 26, he rejected a defense motion for a
hearing on the leaks. See:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/jud/rosen012607.pdf

Legal aspects of the conflicts between freedom of the press and
national security secrecy are freshly examined in a study by
University of Chicago Professor Geoffrey R. Stone and colleagues
for the First Amendment Center. See "Government Secrecy vs.
Freedom of the Press," December 2006:

  http://www.firstamendmentcenter.org/PDF/Govt.Secrecy.Stone.pdf

And some recent scraps from the Congressional Research Service
include "Unmanned Vehicles for U.S. Naval Forces: Background and
Issues for Congress," updated October 25, 2006:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RS21294.pdf

and "Privatization and the Federal Government: An Introduction,"
December 28, 2006:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL33777.pdf




_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, send email to
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Secrecy News is archived at:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/index.html

Secrecy News is available in blog format at:
http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

SUPPORT Secrecy News with a donation here:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp

_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691




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