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Secrecy News -- 07/18/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Wed, 18 Jul 2007 15:00:01 -0400
Archived: Thu, 19 Jul 2007 10:23:19 -0400
Subject: Secrecy News -- 07/18/07



SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2007, Issue No. 73
July 18, 2007

Secrecy News Blog: http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

Support Secrecy News:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


**CONGRESSIONAL AUTHORITY TO LIMIT MILITARY OPERATIONS
**CRS REPORTS ON IRAQ
**VARIOUS DOD RESOURCES


CONGRESSIONAL AUTHORITY TO LIMIT MILITARY OPERATIONS

Does Congress have the constitutional authority to legislate
limits on the conduct of the war in Iraq?

The answer may seem obvious. But to resolve any lingering doubt,
the Congressional Research Service gave the topic a thorough
analytic treatment in a newly updated report and concluded that
Congress does have such authority.

"It has been suggested that the President's role as Commander in
Chief of the Armed Forces provides sufficient authority for his
deployment of troops, and any efforts on the part of Congress to
intervene could represent an unconstitutional violation of
separation-of-powers principles."

"While even proponents of strong executive prerogative in
matters of war appear to concede that it is within Congress's
authority to cut off funding entirely for a military operation,
it has been suggested that spending measures that restrict but
do not end financial support for the war in Iraq would amount to
an 'unconstitutional condition'."

To rebut any such suggestion, the newly updated CRS report
"provides historical examples of measures that restrict the use
of particular personnel, and concludes with a brief analysis of
arguments that might be brought to bear on the question of
Congress's authority to limit the availability of troops to
serve in Iraq."

"Although not beyond debate, such a restriction appears to be
within Congress's authority to allocate resources for military
operations," the report stated.

See "Congressional Authority To Limit U.S. Military Operations
in Iraq," updated July 11, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL33837.pdf

See, relatedly, "Defense: FY2008 Authorization and
Appropriations," updated July 13, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL33999.pdf

and "FY2007 Supplemental Appropriations for Defense, Foreign
Affairs, and Other Purposes," updated July 2, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL33900.pdf


CRS REPORTS ON IRAQ

The Congressional Research Service has produced several newly
updated reports on Iraq for congressional consumption. CRS does
not make its publications freely available to the public, but
the following reports were obtained by Secrecy News.

"Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security," updated July 13,
2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL31339.pdf

"Iraq: U.S. Military Operations," updated July 15, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL31701.pdf

"Iraq: Reconstruction Assistance," updated June 25, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL31833.pdf

"Post-War Iraq: Foreign Contributions to Training, Peacekeeping,
and Reconstruction," updated June 18, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL32105.pdf

"Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties," updated July 12, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS21578.pdf

"U.S. Embassy in Iraq," updated July 13, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS21867.pdf

"Iraq: Milestones Since the Ouster of Saddam Hussein," updated
June 19, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS22598.pdf

"The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq," updated June 12, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS22079.pdf

"Iraq: Government Formation and Benchmarks," updated July 13,
2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS21968.pdf

"The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror
Operations Since 9/11," updated June 28, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL33110.pdf


VARIOUS DOD RESOURCES

Classification guides are used by government agencies and
program managers to translate top-level national security
classification policy into specific guidance on what information
is to be classified and at what level. There are innumerable
such guides, many of which are themselves classified. One recent
(unclassified) example that provides a notion of the entire
class of documents is an Air Force Classification Guide for the
Global Broadcast System, issued in April 2007.

http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/dod/gbs.pdf

The potential role of nanotechnology for defense and military
applications was assessed in unclassified format in a recent
report issued by the Director, Defense Research and Engineering.
See "Defense Nanotechnology Research and Development Program,"
April 27, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/dod/nano2007.pdf

"Command and control of air and space power is an Air Force-
provided asymmetric capability that no other Service or nation
provides," according to a new U.S. Air Force publication on the
subject. See "Command and Control," Air Force Doctrine Document
2-8, June 1, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/usaf/afdd2-8.pdf



_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

The Secrecy News Blog is at:
http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, go to:
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OR email your request to saftergood.nul

Secrecy News is archived at:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/index.html

SUPPORT Secrecy News with a donation here:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691




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