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Secrecy News -- 07/19/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Thu, 19 Jul 2007 12:00:01 -0400
Archived: Fri, 20 Jul 2007 09:21:35 -0400
Subject: Secrecy News -- 07/19/07


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2007, Issue No. 74
July 19, 2007

Secrecy News Blog:  http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

Support Secrecy News:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


**	ARMY VIEWS "CIVIL AFFAIRS" OPERATIONS
**	CRS REPORTS ON AFGHANISTAN
**	CRS REPORTS ON CHINA
**	CRS REPORTS ON VARIOUS TOPICS


ARMY VIEWS "CIVIL AFFAIRS" OPERATIONS

The crucial interactions between military forces and the
civilian environment in which they operate are the domain of
"civil affairs," a subject of urgent interest to the U.S.
military in Iraq and elsewhere.

Civil affairs operations that promote cooperation between the
military and the local population help to advance the military
mission. Activities that generate friction or inspire opposition
are not helpful.

"A supportive civilian population can provide resources and
information that facilitate friendly operations. It can also
provide a positive climate for the military and diplomatic
activity a nation pursues to achieve foreign policy objectives,"
according to U.S. military doctrine.

"A hostile civilian population threatens the immediate
operations of deployed friendly forces and can often undermine
public support at home for the policy objectives of the United
States and its allies."

"The problem of achieving maximum civilian support and minimum
civilian interference with U.S. military operations will require
the coordination of intelligence efforts, security measures,
operational efficiency, and the intentional cultivation of
goodwill."

"Failure to use CA [civil affairs] assets in the analysis of
political, economic, and social bases of instability may result
in inadequate responses to the root causes of the instability
and result in the initiation or continuation of conflict."

Earlier this month, the U.S. Army issued a revised "how-to"
manual on the conduct of civil affairs.  That manual has not
been approved for public release and is not readily available.
 But a copy of the prior edition from 2003 was obtained by
Secrecy News.

See "Civil Affairs Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures," U.S.
Army Field Manual FM 3-05.401, September 2003 (535 pages, 16 MB
PDF file):

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-05-401.pdf

A more concise treatment of the same subject was given in
another recent manual.  Though not approved for public release,
a copy was obtained by Secrecy News.

See "Civil Affairs Operations," U.S. Army Field Manual 3-05.40,
September 2006 (183 pages, 4 MB PDF file):

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-05-40.pdf


CRS REPORTS ON AFGHANISTAN

The Congressional Research Service has recently updated several
publications on Afghanistan, including these:

"NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance,"
updated July 16, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33627.pdf

"Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy,"
updated June 21, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL30588.pdf

"Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy," updated June 19, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32686.pdf

"Afghanistan: Government Formation and Performance," updated
June 15, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS21922.pdf


CRS REPORTS ON CHINA

Recent reports from the Congressional Research Service
concerning China include these:

"Hong Kong: Ten Years After the Handover," June 29, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34071.pdf

"China's Economic Conditions," updated July 13, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33534.pdf

"Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990," updated July 12,
2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL30957.pdf

"China-U.S. Trade Issues," updated July 11, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33536.pdf

"China-U.S. Relations: Current Issues and Implications for U.S.
Policy," updated June 14, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33877.pdf

"Food and Agricultural Imports from China," updated July 17,
2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34080.pdf

"The Southwest Pacific: U.S. Interests and China's Growing
Influence," July 6, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34086.pdf

"China's Currency: A Summary of the Economic Issues," updated
July 11, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS21625.pdf


CRS REPORTS ON VARIOUS TOPICS

The Congressional Research Service, at congressional direction,
does not permit direct public access to its products.  Members
of the public must connive or contrive to gain such access.  So
we do.

Some recent CRS reports that caught our eye include these:

"Presidential Claims of Executive Privilege: History, Law,
Practice and Recent Developments," updated July 5, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/secrecy/RL30319.pdf

"The Palestinian Territories: Background and U.S. Relations,"
July 5, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL34074.pdf

"Restructuring EPA's Libraries: Background and Issues for
Congress," updated June 15, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/secrecy/RS22533.pdf

"U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for
Congress," updated June 28, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RS21048.pdf

"Airborne Laser (ABL): Issues for Congress," updated July 9,
2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL32123.pdf



_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

The Secrecy News Blog is at:
http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, go to:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/subscribe.html

OR email your request to saftergood.nul

Secrecy News is archived at:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/index.html

SUPPORT Secrecy News with a donation here:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:    www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email:  saftergood.nul
voice:  (202) 454-4691




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