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Secrecy News -- 07/23/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Mon, 23 Jul 2007 16:00:02 -0400
Archived: Tue, 24 Jul 2007 09:13:27 -0400
Subject: Secrecy News -- 07/23/07


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2004, Issue No. 75
July 23, 2007


**	JOINT CHIEFS ISSUE DOCTRINE ON "HOMELAND DEFENSE"
**	CLINTON CAMPAIGN URGES PUBLICATION OF ALL AGENCY BUDGETS
**	CRS REPORTS ON THE MIDDLE EAST
**	CRS REPORTS ON VARIOUS TOPICS
**	MAGGOT THERAPY AND OTHER SPECIAL FORCES MEDICINE


JOINT CHIEFS ISSUE DOCTRINE ON "HOMELAND DEFENSE"

A new publication of the Joint Chiefs of Staff presents U.S.
military doctrine on "homeland defense."

"It provides information on command and control, interagency and
multinational coordination, and operations required to defeat
external threats to, and aggression against, the homeland."

See "Homeland Defense," Joint Publication 3-27, July 12, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/jp3_27.pdf

The document further extends the unfortunate use of the term
"homeland" to refer to the United States, a relatively recent
coinage that became prevalent in the George W. Bush
Administration.

Not only does the word "homeland" have unhappy echoes of the
Germanic "Heimat" and the cult of land and soil, it is also a
misnomer in a nation of immigrants.

Moreover, "homeland" is defined by the military exclusively in
terms of geography: It is "the physical region that includes the
continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, United States
territories and possessions, and surrounding territorial waters
and airspace."

This means that actions to defend the Constitution and the
political institutions of American democracy are by definition
excluded from "homeland defense."

For the Joint Chiefs, constitutional liberties are subordinate
to, and contingent upon, physical security:

"To preserve the freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution, the
Nation must have a homeland that is secure from threats and
violence, especially terrorism." (page I-1).


CLINTON CAMPAIGN URGES PUBLICATION OF ALL AGENCY BUDGETS

Sen. Hillary Clinton's presidential campaign has put forward an
agenda to increase transparency in government that includes
"publishing budgets for every government agency."

http://www.hillaryclinton.com/issues/reform/

This appears to be a roundabout way of endorsing disclosure of
intelligence agency budgets, since the budgets of all other
agencies are already published.

The Clinton campaign did not immediately respond to a request
for comment or elaboration on the proposal.

Intelligence budget secrecy is perhaps the preeminent and most
enduring example of overclassification, i.e. classification that
is not justified by a valid national security concern.

A proposal to declassify the aggregate figure for the National
Intelligence Program, comprised of over a dozen individual
agency intelligence budgets, is pending in the Senate version of
the FY 2008 Intelligence Authorization Act (S. 1538).

The 9/11 Commission went further and said "the overall amounts
of money being appropriated for national intelligence and to its
component agencies should no longer be kept secret." (Final
Report, p. 416).

The Clinton campaign appears to have adopted this bipartisan
Commission recommendation for release of component agency budget
information. The Bush Administration opposes any disclosure of
any intelligence budget data, even the aggregate figure.


CRS REPORTS ON THE MIDDLE EAST

Recent reports of the Congressional Research Service on Middle
East-related topics, obtained by Secrecy News without CRS
authorization, include the following.

"U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical
Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2008 Request," updated July
3, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL32260.pdf

"Libya: Background and U.S. Relations," updated June 19, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33142.pdf

"U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel," updated April 25, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33222.pdf

"Lebanon," updated July 11, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33509.pdf

"The Iran Sanctions Act (ISA)," updated July 9, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS20871.pdf

"Iran's Influence in Iraq," updated July 9, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS22323.pdf


CRS REPORTS ON VARIOUS TOPICS

More publicly unreleased reports from the Congressional Research
Service on various topics of interest to some include these.

"Journalists' Privilege to Withhold Information in Judicial and
Other Proceedings: State Shield Statutes," updated June 27,
2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/secrecy/RL32806.pdf

"Federal Sentencing Guidelines: Background, Legal Analysis, and
Policy Options," updated June 30, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL32766.pdf

"Critical Infrastructure: The National Asset Database," updated
July 16, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL33648.pdf

"Chemical Facility Security: Regulation and Issues for
Congress," updated June 21, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL33847.pdf

"Pipeline Safety and Security: Federal Programs," updated July
11, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL33347.pdf


MAGGOT THERAPY AND OTHER SPECIAL FORCES MEDICINE

Under extreme conditions, live maggots may be inserted into a
wound to consume damaged or diseased flesh, according to a
medical manual for U.S. Army Special Forces.

"Despite the hazards involved, maggot therapy should be
considered a viable alternative when, in the absence of
antibiotics, a wound becomes severely infected, does not heal,
and ordinary debridement [removal of diseased tissue] is
impossible," according to the 1982 manual (at page 22-3).

See "U.S. Army Special Forces Medical Handbook," ST 31-91B, 1
March 1982 (407 pages, 16 MB PDF file):

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/milmed/sfhandbook.pdf

It turns out that maggot therapy is recognized and regulated by
the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Sterilized maggot
colonies can be ordered, by prescription only, from specialized
suppliers.

The Special Forces manual, however, envisions the use of
unsterilized maggots for emergency use.

Along with a lot of standard wilderness medicine, the manual
also describes various unorthodox, potentially dangerous
remedies that may be considered when conventional medical
alternatives are unavailable.

For example, the manual suggests that intestinal worms can be
combated by eating cigarettes. "The nicotine in the cigarette
kills or stuns the worms long enough for them to be passed."

Another option for dealing with intestinal parasites is to
swallow kerosene. "Drink 2 tablespoons. Don't drink more." (page
22-2).



_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

The Secrecy News Blog is at:
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_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691



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