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Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 2007 > May > May 3

Secrecy News -- 05/02/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Wed, 2 May 2007 13:43:39 -0400
Fwd Date: Thu, 03 May 2007 11:51:17 -0400
Subject: Secrecy News -- 05/02/07


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2007, Issue No. 46
May 2, 2007

Secrecy News Blog: http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

Support Secrecy News:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


**	ARMY CLAMPS DOWN WITH NEW OPSEC POLICY
**	NEW DOCTRINE ON JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS
**	OVERSIGHT OF AIR FORCE INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES
**	VARIOUS RESOURCES


ARMY CLAMPS DOWN WITH NEW OPSEC POLICY

A new U.S. Army regulation on Operations Security (OPSEC) would
sharply restrict the ability of soldiers to participate in
public life without supervision and authorization from superior
officers.

The regulation also encourages Army personnel to view attempts
by unauthorized persons to gather restricted information as an
act of subversion against the United States.

"All Department of the Army personnel and DoD contractors
will... consider handling attempts by unauthorized personnel to
solicit critical information or sensitive information as a
Subversion and Espionage Directed Against the U.S. Army (SAEDA)
incident," the regulation states (at section 2-1).

"Sensitive" information is defined here (at section 1-
5(c)(3)(e)) to include not just vital details of military
operations and technologies but also documents marked "For
Official Use Only" (FOUO) that may be exempt from disclosure
under the Freedom of Information Act.

It follows that inquisitive members of the press or the public
who actively pursue such FOUO records may be deemed enemies of
the United States.

In what seems to be a serious conceptual muddle, the new
regulation conflates OPSEC, which is supposed to be a defense
against adversaries of the United States, with FOIA
restrictions, which regulate public access to government
information. As a result, it appears that OPSEC procedures are
now to be used to control access to predecisional documents,
copyrighted or proprietary material, and other FOIA-exempt
records.

A copy of the new regulation, dated April 19 and itself marked
For Official Use Only, was obtained by Wired News and is posted
here:

http://blog.wired.com/defense/files/army_reg_530_1_updated.pdf

Taken at face value, the regulation would spell the end of
military blogging and would severely curtail military
participation in public life. It imposes a non-discretionary
pre-publication review requirement, stating that "all Department
of the Army personnel... will... consult with their immediate
supervisor... prior to publishing or posting information in a
public forum." (sec. 2-1).

It was reported by Noah Shachtman in "New Army Rules Could Kill
G.I. Blogs (Maybe E-mail, Too)," Danger Room, May 2:

  http://blog.wired.com/defense/2007/05/new_army_rules_.html

The terms of the Army regulation are so expansive as to create
innumerable new opportunities for violations and infractions.

Just this week, for example, the Army's own 1st Information
Operations Command ironically posted a briefing on "OPSEC in the
Blogosphere," marked For Official Use Only:

http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/army/opsec-blog.pdf

(Thanks, again, to Entropic Memes at www.slugsite.com.)


NEW DOCTRINE ON JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS

The planning and performance of Joint Special Operations are
described in some detail in a new publication from the Joint
Chiefs of Staff.

"Joint special operations (SO) are conducted by SOF [special
operations forces] from more than one Service in hostile,
denied, or politically sensitive environments to achieve
military, diplomatic, informational, and/or economic objectives
employing military capabilities for which there is no broad
conventional force requirement."

"These operations may require low visibility, clandestine, or
covert capabilities."

"SO differ from conventional operations in degree of physical
and political risk, operational techniques, use of special
equipment, modes of employment, independence from friendly
support, and dependence on detailed operational intelligence and
indigenous assets."

See "Joint Special Operations Task Force Operations," Joint
Publication 3-05.1, 26 April 2007 (400 pages, 1.8 MB PDF):

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/jp3_05_01.pdf


OVERSIGHT OF AIR FORCE INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

"Air Force intelligence components do not engage in
experimentation involving human subjects for intelligence
purposes," a new Air Force Instruction states categorically.

Except for the exceptions.

"Any exception would require approval by the Secretary or Under
Secretary of the Air Force and would be undertaken only with the
informed consent of the subject and in accordance with
procedures established by AF/SG to safeguard the welfare of
subjects."

The new Instruction presents a generally scrupulous account of
the regulatory framework within which Air Force intelligence
operates. It addresses domestic search and surveillance, imagery
collection and dissemination, mail covers, and other
intelligence activities.

See Air Force Instruction 14-104, "Oversight of Intelligence
Activities," 16 April 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/usaf/afi14-104.pdf

Some other noteworthy new Air Force Instructions include these:

AFI 10-2604, "Disease Containment Planning Guidance," 6 April
2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/usaf/afi10-2604.pdf

AFI 40-201, "Managing Radioactive Materials in the U.S. Air
Force," 13 April 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/usaf/afi40-201.pdf


VARIOUS RESOURCES

"During calendar year 2006, the Government made 2,181
applications to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court for
authority to conduct electronic surveillance and physical search
for foreign intelligence purposes," according to the latest
Justice Department report to Congress on implementation of the
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. The court approved 2,176
applications, making substantive modifications to 73 of them,
and denying one, in part.

http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/doj/fisa/2006rept.pdf

The Open Government Act of 2007, which would strengthen several
access provisions of the Freedom of Information Act, was
favorably reported by the Senate Judiciary Committee for
consideration by the full Senate. Much of the Committee report
on the bill was devoted to a lengthy critique by Sen. Jon Kyl
(R-AZ), who unsuccessfully opposed it, and a letter from the
Justice Department, likewise in opposition. See:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/congress/2007/opengov.html

The responsibilities of various Pentagon components in dealing
with the threat of weapons of mass destruction are delineated in
a new directive. See "Department of Defense (DoD) Combating
Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Policy," DoD Directive
2060.02, April 19, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/d2060_02.pdf

"Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur and Status of the North-South Peace
Agreement" is the subject of a report from the Congressional
Research Service, updated March 27, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33574.pdf



_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

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Secrecy News is archived at:
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SUPPORT Secrecy News with a donation here:
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_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691



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