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Secrecy News - 05/17/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Thu, 17 May 2007 17:00:01 -0400
Fwd Date: Fri, 18 May 2007 07:38:23 -0400
Subject: Secrecy News - 05/17/07


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2007, Issue No. 52
May 17, 2007

Secrecy News Blog: http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

Support Secrecy News:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


**	A REVIEW OF THE U.S. HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM DECLARATION
**	CRS ON NEW U.S. AFRICA COMMAND
**	GAO ON CONTRACTOR SECURITY CLEARANCES
**	VARIOUS DOD RESOURCES


A REVIEW OF THE U.S. HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM DECLARATION

More than five years after it was completed, the Department of
Energy last year finally released a landmark historical account
of U.S. production of highly enriched uranium (HEU) from 1945 to
1996.

Conceived a decade ago as a bold initiative to set a new
standard for international transparency and government
accountability, the HEU study was released under pressure as an
unwilling concession to the rule of law, i.e. the Freedom of
Information Act.

The story of the five year campaign to win public disclosure of
the HEU study and an initial assessment of its significance for
nuclear nonproliferation policy were presented in a paper by
myself and Princeton physicist Frank von Hippel in the latest
issue of The Nonproliferation Review.

See "The U.S. Highly Enriched Uranium Declaration: Transparency
Deferred but not Denied" by Steven Aftergood and Frank von
Hippel, Nonproliferation Review, Vol. 14, No. 1, March 2007:

http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/npr/vol14/141/141aftergood.pdf

The paper was discussed at a forum of the Monterey Institute
Center for Nonproliferation Studies on May 17, with a response
from Tom Blanton of the National Security Archive:

 http://cns.miis.edu/cns/activity/070517_nprbriefing/index.htm

The HEU Study itself, "Highly Enriched Uranium: Striking A
Balance," is posted here:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/doe/heu/index.html


CRS ON NEW U.S. AFRICA COMMAND

U.S. Government plans to establish a new military command to be
known as AFRICOM with responsibility for U.S. military forces in
Africa are described in a new report from the Congressional
Research Service.

"As defined by the Department of Defense, AFRICOM's mission will
be to promote U.S. strategic objectives by working with African
states and regional organizations to help strengthen stability
and security in the region through improved security capability,
military professionalization, and accountable governance. The
command's military operations would aim to deter aggression and
respond to crises."

"This report provides a broad overview of U.S. strategic
interests in Africa and the role of U.S. military efforts on the
continent as they pertain to the creation of a new Africa
Command. Although the command is still in the planning phase, a
discussion of AFRICOM's potential mission, its coordination with
other government agencies, and its basing and manpower
requirements is included. This report will be updated as events
warrant."

A copy of the new report was obtained by Secrecy News.

See "Africa Command: U.S. Strategic Interests and the Role of
the U.S. Military in Africa," May 16, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL34003.pdf


GAO ON CONTRACTOR SECURITY CLEARANCES

Delay and dysfunction in the personnel security clearance system
are an old story, and the Government Accountability Office has
been describing and updating that story for at least two
decades, including new congressional testimony today focusing on
Department of Defense (DOD) contractors.

"DOD is responsible for about 2.5 million security clearances
issued to servicemembers, DOD civilians, and industry personnel
who work on contracts for DOD and 23 other federal agencies."

"GAO's analysis of timeliness data showed that industry
personnel contracted to work for the federal government waited
more than 1 year on average to receive top secret clearances,
longer than OMB- and OPM-produced statistics would suggest."

See "DoD Personnel Clearances: Delays and Inadequate
Documentation Found for Industry Personnel," [GAO-07-842T], May
17, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/gao/gao-07-842t.pdf


VARIOUS DOD RESOURCES

New guidance on declassification marking of documents and
materials originating in Department of Defense special access
programs was issued by the new Under Secretary of Defense
(Intelligence) James R. Clapper, Jr. on April 26.

http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/dod/usdi042607.pdf

A Joint Chiefs of Staff publication presents doctrine on
"barrier, obstacle, and mine warfare." The document, newly
updated, "greatly expands coverage of improvised explosive
devices, mines, and other unexploded explosive ordnance." See
"Barriers, Obstacles, and Mine Warfare for Joint Operations,"
Joint Publication 3-15, 26 April 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/jp3_15.pdf

A U.S. Army "smart card" provides soldiers a summary overview of
the threat from Improvised Explosive Devices. The unclassified
smart card on "The IED and VBIED [vehicle borne IED] Threat"
dated January 2004 - not the latest edition - is available here:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/ied-smartcard.pdf


_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

The Secrecy News Blog is at:
http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, go to:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/subscribe.html

OR email your request to saftergood.nul

Secrecy News is archived at:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/index.html

SUPPORT Secrecy News with a donation here:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691



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