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Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 2007 > Nov > Nov 2

Secrecy News -- 11/01/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Thu, 01 Nov 2007 14:00:01 -0400
Archived: Fri, 02 Nov 2007 10:00:42 -0400
Subject: Secrecy News -- 11/01/07



SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2007, Issue No. 108
November 1, 2007

Secrecy News Blog: http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

Support Secrecy News:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


**	SECRECY THREATENS HISTORICAL RECORD, STATE DEPT IS TOLD
**	DNI DISCOURAGES DECLASSIFICATION OF INTEL ESTIMATES
**	VARIOUS RESOURCES
**	ARMY FIELD MANUAL ON SURVIVAL


SECRECY THREATENS HISTORICAL RECORD, STATE DEPT IS TOLD

Broad classification restrictions on the disclosure of
historical intelligence information are making it difficult or
impossible to accurately represent the record of U.S. foreign
policy, an official advisory committee warned the Secretary of
State last summer.

By law, the Department of State is obliged to publish "a
thorough, accurate and reliable documentary record" of United
States foreign policy in its official Foreign Relations of the
United States series.

But due to official secrecy, "the credibility of the series...
remains in the balance," according to the newly disclosed report
of the State Department's Advisory Committee on Historical
Diplomatic Documentation.

For example, "The blanket denial by the CIA of the right to
quote or cite from the President's Daily Briefs of the Nixon
years and beyond will make it difficult to give a full and
accurate rendering of the effect of intelligence assessments on
the foreign relations of the United States.... [T]he continued
exemption of the President's Daily Briefs may cause serious harm
to the intellectual integrity of the Foreign Relations series."

Similarly, the Committee complained, the President's Foreign
Intelligence Advisory Board "has not allowed the historians of
the [Foreign Relations] series access to its records [which]
need to become accessible to the staff of the [State Department]
Office of the Historian and be made available for inclusion in
appropriate volumes of Foreign Relations of the United States."

In short, "Committee members believe that unless policies
consistent with respect for the right of the American people to
be fully informed about their government's conduct of foreign
policy are adopted and implemented by the Executive Branch, it
may become impossible for The Historian [of the State
Department] to carry out his duties or for the committee to
carry out its Congressionally mandated obligations."

See "Report of the Advisory Committee on Historical Diplomatic
Documentation, January 1-December 31, 2006," transmitted to the
Secretary of State on June 19, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/advisory/state/hac2006.pdf


DNI DISCOURAGES DECLASSIFICATION OF INTEL ESTIMATES

Although summary accounts of several National Intelligence
Estimates have recently been declassified and published, this
should not become standard practice, the Director of National
Intelligence declared last week.

"It is the policy of the Director of National Intelligence that
KJs [the Key Judgments from National Intelligence Estimates]
should not be declassified," DNI J. Michael McConnell wrote.

"No predisposition to declassify KJs should exist in drafting an
NIE or its KJs. Any decision to declassify will be made by the
DNI and only after he and other National Intelligence Board
principals have reviewed and approved the entire NIE."

"There is both a real and a perceived danger that analysts will
adopt less bold approaches, or otherwise modify the way they
characterize developments, and that the integrity of the NIE
process could be harmed by expectations that all or portions of
the NIE are likely to be declassified," the DNI asserted.

See "Guidance on Declassification of National Intelligence
Estimate Key Judgments," memo to the Intelligence Community
Workforce, October 24, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/dni/nie-declass.pdf

The new policy was first reported by Pamela Hess of the
Associated Press.

http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/10/26/america/NA-GEN-US-
Intelligence-Reports.php

Robert Jervis, the distinguished political scientist who advises
the CIA on declassification policy, said that he supported the
DNI's position.

With declassification, "you make the pressures of politicization
that much greater," he told the Associated Press. "When you are
writing an executive summary it's hard not to ask 'How is this
sentence going to read in The New York Times?'"

But Michael Tanji, a veteran U.S. intelligence employee,
disputed that view. "Having contributed to more than one of
these in my career, I'm here to tell you, public opinion does
not enter into the calculus."

http://blog.wired.com/defense/2007/10/spy-chief-crawl.html


VARIOUS RESOURCES

Noteworthy new publications that we haven't had a chance to read
closely yet include:

"National Strategy for Information Sharing: Successes and
Challenges in Improving Terrorism-Related Information Sharing,"
National Security Council, October 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/library/infoshare.pdf

"Army International Security Cooperation Policy," Army
Regulation AR 11-31, 24 October 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/ar11-31.pdf

"A.Q. Khan's Nuclear Wal-Mart: Out of Business or Under New
Management?" hearing before the House Foreign Affairs Committee,
June 27, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2007_hr/aqkhan.pdf

The Second Superseding Indictment of Noshir S. Gowadia, who was
charged with unauthorized disclosure of classified information
on stealth programs and technologies to China, Israel and
several other countries, October 25, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/ops/ci/gowadia.pdf


ARMY FIELD MANUAL ON SURVIVAL

"All of us were born kicking and fighting to live, but we have
become used to the soft life.... What happens when we are faced
with a survival situation with its stresses, inconveniences, and
discomforts?"

That question is posed in a 2002 U.S. Army Field Manual on
survival strategies and techniques in emergency situations.

Almost all of the contents will be familiar to students of
wilderness medicine and first aid. (Except maybe "Prepare
yourself to survive in a nuclear environment.") Nevertheless,
U.S. Army web sites do not permit public access to the document,
which says that distribution is limited to government agencies
and contractors. A copy was obtained by Secrecy News.

See "Survival," U.S. Army Field Manual FM 3-05.70, May 2002 (676
pages in an extremely large 45 MB PDF file):

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-05-70.pdf



_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

The Secrecy News Blog is at:
http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, go to:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/subscribe.html

OR email your request to saftergood.nul

Secrecy News is archived at:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/index.html

SUPPORT Secrecy News with a donation here:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
1725 DeSales St NW, 6th floor
Washington, DC 20036

web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202)454-4691



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