UFO UpDates
A mailing list for the study of UFO-related phenomena
'Its All Here In Black & White'
Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 2007 > Oct > Oct 18

Secrecy News -- 10/17/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Wed, 17 Oct 2007 16:00:02 -0400
Archived: Thu, 18 Oct 2007 07:11:29 -0400
Subject: Secrecy News -- 10/17/07



SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2007, Issue No. 102
October 17, 2007

Secrecy News Blog: http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

Support Secrecy News:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


**  ABRAHAM LINCOLN AND THE JEWS
**  NSA SIGINT SEMINARS FOR THE PRESS
**  REPORTERS' SHIELD LAW ADVANCES IN THE HOUSE
**  VARIOUS DOD DOCS


ABRAHAM LINCOLN AND THE JEWS

In a remarkable episode from the Civil War that is not as widely
known as it might be, General Ulysses S. Grant issued Order No.
11 on December 17, 1862 expelling all Jews from Kentucky,
Tennessee, and Mississippi, where his forces had taken the
field.

Equally remarkable, President Lincoln did not say he would
"stand by" his generals or that "we must give the military the
tools it needs" to accomplish its mission. Instead, he rescinded
the Order.

A century-old account of General Grant's short-lived ban on Jews
has recently been published online.

During the Civil War, President Lincoln repeatedly suspended
habeas corpus and authorized other serious infringements on
civil liberties. But there are some things that are not done in
America, it appears, even when the survival of the nation is at
stake. This was one of them.

General Grant's action was not entirely irrational and
prejudice-driven. An estimated 25,000 of the nation's 150,000
Jews lived in the South and were loyal to the Confederacy,
according to a 2005 Library of Congress exhibition. And some
Jewish merchants would "roam through the country contrary to
government regulations," Grant complained.

"The President has no objection to your expelling traitors and
Jew peddlers which I suppose was the object of your order,"
wrote Gen. Henry Halleck to Gen. Grant, somewhat inelegantly.
"But as it in terms proscribed an entire religious class, some
of whom are fighting in our ranks, the President deems it
necessary to revoke it."

The story received only cursory, two-sentence treatment in the
preeminent Lincoln biography ("Lincoln") by David Herbert
Donald, which mistakenly attributed Halleck's "Jew peddler"
phrase to Grant (p. 409).

And Grant himself did not mention Order No. 11 in his Memoirs.
He deliberately omitted it, his son explained in a 1907 letter,
because "that was a matter long past and best not referred to."

To the contrary, however, this principled exercise of restraint
by the President in time of war seems well worth remembering and
pondering today, when basic civil liberties are again in
dispute. (At his confirmation hearing today, Attorney General-
nominee Michael Mukasey was unable or unwilling to categorically
reject the possibility of indefinite detention of an American
citizen without trial.)

The most detailed account of the origins and aftermath of
General Grant's Order No. 11 expelling the Jews from the areas
under his control seems to be a 1909 book entitled "Abraham
Lincoln and the Jews," self-published by author Isaac Markens
(pp. 10-17).

That book, long out of print, was recently digitized and
published by Google Books and is now freely available here:

http://books.google.com/books?id=-OxMjGRkFXwC&printsec=titlepage

In 1876, President Ulysses S. Grant was an honored guest at the
dedication of Adas Israel, which is now the largest Conservative
synagogue in Washington, DC.


NSA SIGINT SEMINARS FOR THE PRESS

In an attempt to convey to reporters the sensitivity of
classified signals intelligence information and to discourage
unnecessary disclosure of intelligence sources and methods, the
National Security Agency held a series of by-invitation-only
seminars for reporters and editors dubbed "SIGINT 101."

The seminars, which were apparently held on several occasions
between 2002 and 2004, were first reported by Josh Gerstein in
the New York Sun. See "Spies Prep Reporters on Protecting
Secrets," September 27:

http://www.nysun.com/article/63465

The course outline and supporting documents that were first
obtained by Mr. Gerstein under the Freedom of Information Act
provide some additional insight into NSA concerns about the loss
of SIGINT sources and the possibility of voluntary steps by the
press to help protect them.

"We want to emphasize that we deplore 'leaks' or other
unauthorized disclosures of properly classified material," the
NSA course module states.

However, given the fact of leaks, "we also want you to
understand that in many instances, we believe that reporters can
deal with the content of leaks in a way that does not expose
intelligence sources and methods."

"We ask that when intelligence information is reported, fragile
intelligence source and method information, which is unnecessary
to informed debate, not be disclosed along with it."

See SIGINT 101 Seminar Course Module, National Security Agency
(2002?):

http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/docs/seminar.pdf


REPORTERS' SHIELD LAW ADVANCES IN THE HOUSE

By an overwhelming majority, the House of Representatives voted
yesterday to approve a limited federal shield law that would
enable reporters to protect the confidentiality of their sources
from compulsory disclosure under most circumstances. See the
record of the October 16 House debate here:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/congress/2007/freeflow.html

The White House issued a strong statement of opposition and
suggested the President would veto the reporter's shield bill if
adopted by Congress as written. "The legislation would make it
extremely difficult to prosecute cases involving leaks of
classified information and would hamper efforts to investigate
and prosecute other serious crimes," the October 16 statement
said.

http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/2007/10/wh101607.pdf


VARIOUS DOD DOCS

Noteworthy legal, regulatory and other publications from the
Department of Defense include the following.

"Forged in the Fire: Legal Lessons Learned During Military
Operations, 1994-2006," Center for Law and Military Operations,
September 2006 (439 pp, 28 MB PDF file):

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/forged.pdf

"Defense Civilian Intelligence Personnel System (DCIPS)," DoD
Directive 1400.35, September 24, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/d1400_35.pdf

"Minimum Security Standards for Safeguarding Biological Select
Agents and Toxins," Air Force Instruction DODI 5210.89_AFI 10-
3901, 24 September 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/usaf/biosec.pdf

"Limitation of Authority to Deputize DoD Uniformed Law
Enforcement Personnel by State and Local Governments," DoD
Instruction 5525.13, September 28, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/i5525_13.pdf




_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

The Secrecy News Blog is at:
http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, go to:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/subscribe.html

OR email your request to saftergood.nul

Secrecy News is archived at:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/index.html

SUPPORT Secrecy News with a donation here:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
1725 DeSales St NW, 6th floor
Washington, DC 20036

web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202)454-4691



Listen to 'Strange Days... Indeed' - The PodCast

See:

http://www.virtuallystrange.net/ufo/sdi/program/subscribers/


[ Next Message | Previous Message | This Day's Messages ]
This Month's Index |

UFO UpDates Main Index

UFO UpDates - Toronto - Operated by Errol Bruce-Knapp


Archive programming by Glenn Campbell at Glenn-Campbell.com