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Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 2007 > Sep > Sep 17

Secrecy News -- 09/17/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Mon, 17 Sep 2007 15:00:01 -0400
Archived: Mon, 17 Sep 2007 16:36:33 -0400
Subject: Secrecy News -- 09/17/07


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2007, Issue No. 92
September 17, 2007

Secrecy News Blog: http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

Support Secrecy News:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


**	PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS TEST MILITARY APTITUDE
**	SUPREME COURT IS ASKED TO REVIEW STATE SECRETS CASE
** SELECTED CRS REPORTS


PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS TEST MILITARY APTITUDE

Psychological operations (PSYOP) -- military programs that seek
to influence the attitudes and shape the behavior of a target
audience -- have the potential to increase the effectiveness of
the armed forces they support while minimizing violent conflict.
But the U.S. military is not notably good at conducting such
programs.

To achieve their objective, PSYOP practitioners should ideally
have a clear understanding of the values and thought processes
of their audience (as well as their own), and they should have a
credible and compelling message to deliver. These have often
been lacking.

According to a 2004 Army evaluation of PSYOP activities during
the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, "it is clear that on the
whole, PSYOP produced much less than expected and perhaps less
than claimed."

Two newly disclosed Army publications provide insight into Army
PSYOP planning and procedures.

"Psychological Operations Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures,"
U.S. Army Field Manual FM 3-05.301, December 2003 (a revision
was issued in August 2007) (439 pages, 6.2 MB):

 http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-05-301.pdf

"Tactical Psychological Operations: Tactics, Techniques, and
Procedures," U.S. Army Field Manual 3-05.302, October 2005 (255
pages, 11.2 MB):

 http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-05-302.pdf

These documents have not been approved for public release, but
copies were obtained by Secrecy News.

A related document that was previously disclosed by Secrecy News
is "Psychological Operations," U.S. Army Field Manual 3-05.30,
April 2005:

 http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-05-30.pdf

In the worst cases, poorly executed PSYOP activities are not
merely futile but may actually be counterproductive.

In 2003, a U.S. information operations officer produced posters
picturing Saddam Hussein as Homer Simpson and other figures of
ridicule. "The posters enraged Iraqis and led to conflict that
resulted in casualties for U.S. forces," according to a 2005
study of PSYOP lessons learned.

See "Review of Psychological Operations: Lessons Learned from
Recent Operational Experience" by Christopher J. Lamb, National
Defense University Press, September 2005:

 http://www.fas.org/irp/eprint/lamb.pdf


SUPREME COURT IS ASKED TO REVIEW STATE SECRETS CASE

Attorneys for Khaled El-Masri, who was allegedly subjected to
"extraordinary rendition" by the Central Intelligence Agency,
asked the U.S. Supreme Court to review the dismissal of his
lawsuit against the Agency last year on asserted "state secrets"
grounds.

If the petition is granted, the Court's review has the potential
to alter the judiciary's handling of "state secrets" claims
generally.

"The proliferation of cases in which the government has invoked
the state secrets privilege, and the lack of guidance from this
Court since its 1953 decision in Reynolds, have produced
conflict and confusion among the lower courts regarding the
proper scope and application of the privilege," the petitioners
argued.

See Petition for Certiorari, May 30, 2007:

 http://www.fas.org/sgp/jud/statesec/elmasri-cert.pdf

The government replied last week that the petition is an
"extravagant request" to overturn "settled precedents" and
should be rejected. See Government's Opposition to Petition for
Certiorari, September 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/jud/statesec/elmasri-govt-opp.pdf

The historical and legal background of the controversy over use
of the state secrets privilege was examined most recently by
legal scholar Louis Fisher in "The State Secrets Privilege:
Relying on Reynolds," Political Science Quarterly, Fall 2007
(www.psqonline.org, subscription required).

A critical view of state secrets policy was presented by
journalist Barry Siegel in "State-Secret Overreach," Los Angeles
Times, September 16:

http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/la-op-
siegel16sep16,0,4846280.story


SELECTED CRS REPORTS

Recently updated reports of the Congressional Research Service
that have not been made readily available to the public include
the following.

"U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments, and
Issues," updated September 5, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RL33640.pdf

"U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation Agreement," updated September 6,
2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33192.pdf

"Venezuela: Political Conditions and U.S. Policy," updated
September 4, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32488.pdf

"Liberia’s Post-War Recovery: Key Issues and Developments,"
updated August 30, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33185.pdf

"Australia: Background and U.S. Relations," updated August 8,
2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33010.pdf



_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

The Secrecy News Blog is at:
 http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, go to:
 http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/subscribe.html

OR email your request to saftergood.nul

Secrecy News is archived at:
 http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/index.html

SUPPORT Secrecy News with a donation here:
 http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691



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