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Einstein & Oppenheimer On Aliens And UFOs

From: UFO UpDates - Toronto <post.nul>
Date: Mon, 19 Aug 2013 06:54:32 -0400
Archived: Mon, 19 Aug 2013 06:54:32 -0400
Subject: Einstein & Oppenheimer On Aliens And UFOs

Source: Dr. Robert M. Wood & Ryan S. Wood's


DRAFT June 1947

Relationships With Inhabitants Of Celestial Bodies

Relationships with extraterrestrial men presents no basically
new problem from the standpoint of international law; but the
possibility of confronting intelligent beings that do not belong
to the human race would bring up problems whose solution it is
difficult to conceive.

In principle, there is no difficulty in accepting the
possibility of coming to an understanding with them, and of
establishing all kinds of relationships. The difficulty lies in
trying to establish the principles on which these relationships
should be based.

In the first place, it would be necessary to establish
communication with them through some language or other, and
afterwards, as a first condition for all intelligence, that they
should have a psychology similar to that of men.

At any rate, international law should make place for a new law
on a different basis, and it might be called "Law Among
Planetary Peoples," following the guidelines found in the
Pentateuch. Obviously, the idea of revolutionizing international
law to the point where it would be capable of coping with new
situations would compel us to make a change in its structure, a
change so basic that it would no longer be international law,
that is to say, as it is conceived today, but something
altogether different, so that it could no longer bear the same

If these intelligent beings were in possession of a more or less
culture, and a more or less perfect political organization, they
would have an absolute right to be recognized as independent
andsovereign peoples, we would have to come to an agreement with
them to establish the legal regulations upon which future
relationships should be based, and it would be necessary to
accept many of their principles.

Finally, if they should reject all peaceful cooperation and
become an imminent threat to the earth, we would have the right
to legitimate defense, but only insofar as would be necessary to
annul this danger.


Another possibility may exist, that a species of homo
sapiens might have established themselves as an independent
nation on another celestial body in our solar system and


evolved culturely independently from ours. Obviously, this
possibility depends on many circumstances, whose conditions
cannot yet be foreseen. However, we can make a study of the
basis on which such a thing might have occurred,

In the first place, living conditions on these bodies lets say
the moon,-or the planet Mars, would have to be such as to permit
a stable, and to a certain extent, independent life, from an
economic standpoint. Much has been speculated about the
possibilities for life existing outside of our atmosphere and
beyond, always hypothetically. and there are those who mo so far
as to give formulas for the creation of an artificial atmosphere
on the noon, which undoubtedly have a certain scientific
foundation, and which may one day come to light. Lets assume
that magnesium silicates on the moon may exist and contain up to
13 per cent water. Using energy and machines brought to the
moon, perhaps from a space station, the rooks could be broken
up, pulverized, and then backed to drive off the water of
crystallization. This could be collected and then decomposed
into hydrogen and oxygen, using an electric. current or the
short wave radiation of the sun. The oxygen could be used for
breathing purposes; the hydrogen night be used as a fuel.

In any case, if no existence is possible on celestial ' bodies
except for enterprises for the exploration of their natural
riches, with a continuous interchange of the men who work on
them, unable to establish themselves there indefinitely and be
able to live isolated life, independence will never take place.

Now we come to the problem of determining what to
do if the inhabitants of celestial bodies, or extraterrestrial
biological entitles (EBE) desire to settle here.

1. If they are politically organised and possess a certain
culture similar to our own, they may be recognized as a
independent people. They could consider what degree of
development would be required on earth for colonizing.

2. If they consider our culture to be devoid of political unity,
they would have the right to colonize. Of course, this
colonization cannot be conducted on classic lines.

A superior form of colonizing will have to be conceived, that
could be a kind of tutelage, possibly through the tacit approval
of the United Nations. But would the United Nations legally have
the right of allowing such tutelage over us in such a fashion?


(a) Although the United Nations is an international organization
there is no doubt that it would have have no right of tutelage,
since its domain does not extend beyond relationships between
its members. It would have the right to intervene only if the
relationships of a member nation with a celestial body affected
another member nation with an extraterrestrial people is beyond
the domain of the United Nations, But if those relationships
entailed a conflict with another member nation, the United.
Nations would have the right to intervene.

(b) If the United Nations were a supra-national organisation, it
would have competency to deal with all problems related to
extraterrestrial peoples. Of course, even though it is merely an
international organisation, it could have this competence if
itsmember states would be willing to recognize it.

It is difficult to predict what the attitude of international
law will bo with regard to the occupation by celestial peoples
of certain locations on our planet, but the only thing that can
be foreseen is that there will be a profound change in
traditional concepts.
We cannot exclude the possibility that a race of
extraterrstrial people more advanced technologically and
economically may take upon itself the right to occupy
another celestial body. How, then, would this occupation
come about?

1. The idea of exploitation by one celestial state would be
rejected, they may think it would be advisable to grant it to
all others capable of reaching another celestial body. But this
would be to maintain a situation of privilege for these states.

2. The division of a celestial body into zones and the
distribution of them among other celestial states. This would
present the problem of distribution. Moreover, other celestial
states would be deprived of the possibility of owning an area,
or if they were granted one it would involve complicated

3. Indivisible co-sovereignty, giving each celestial state the
right to make whatever use is most convenient to. . its
interests, independently of the others. This would create a
situation of anarchy, as the strongest one would win out in the

4. A moral entity? The most feasible solution it seem would be
this one, submitt an agreement providing far the peaceful
absorbtion of a celestial race(s) in such a manner that our
culture would remain intact with guarantees that their presence
not be revealed.

Actually, we do not believe it necessary to go that far. It
would merely be a natter of internationalizing celestial
peoples, and creating an international treaty intsrument
preventing exploitation of all nations belonging to the United


Occupation by states here on earth, which has lost all interest
for international law, since there were no more res nullius
territories, is beginning to regain all its importance in cosmic
international law.

Occupation consists in the appropriation by a state of res

Until the last century, occupation was the normal means of
acquiring sovereignty over territories, when explorations made
possible the discovery of new regions, either unihabited or in
an elementary state of civilization.

The imperialist expansion of the states came to an end with the
end of regions capable of being occupied, which have now been
drained from the earth and exist only in interplanetary space,
where the celestial states present new problems.

Res nullius is something that belongs to nobody such as the
moon. In international law a celestial body is not subject to
the sovereignty of any state is considered res nullius. If it
could be established that a celestial body within our solar
system such as our moon was, or is occupied by another celestial
race, there could be no claim of res nullius by any state on
earth (if that state should decide in the future to send
explorers to lay claim to it). It would exist as res communis,
that is that all celestial states have the same rights over it.


And now to the final question of whether the presence of
celestial astroplanes in our atmosphere is a direct result of
our testing atomic weapons?

The presence of unidentified space craft flying in our
atmosphere (and possibly maintaining orbits about our planet) is
now, however, accepted [de facto] by our military.

On every question of whether the United States will (hydrogen
bombs), or reach an agreement to disarm and the exclusion of
weapons that are too destructive, with the exception of chemical
warfare, on which, by some miracle we cannot explain, an
agreement has been reached, the lamentations of philosophers,
the efforts of politicians, and the conferences of diplomats
have been doomed to failure and have accomplished nothing.

The use of the atomic bomb combined with space vehicles poses a
threat on a scale which makes it absolutely necessary to come to
an agreement in this area. With the appearance of unidentified
space vehicles (opinions are sharply divided as to their origin)
over the skies of Europe and the United States has sustained an
ineradical fear, an anxiety about security, that is driving the
great powers to make an effort to find a solution to the threat.
Military strategists foresee the use of space craft with nuclear
warheads as the ultimate weapon of war. Even the deployment of
artificial satellites for intelligence gathering and. target
selection is not far off. The military importance of space
vehicles, satellites as well as rockets is indisputable, since
they project war from the horizontal plane to the vertical plane
in its fullest sense. Attack no longer comes from an exclusive
direction, nor from a determined country, but from the sky, with
the practical impossibility of determining who the aggressor is,
how to intercept the attack, or how to effect immediate
reprisals. These problems are compounded further by
identification.How does the air defense radar operator identify,
or more precisely, classify his target?
At present, we can breath a little easier knowing
that slow moving bombers are the mode of delivery of atomic
bombs that can be detected by long-range early warning radar.

But what do we do in lets say ten years from now? When
artificial satellites and missiles find their place in space,
we must consider the potential threat that unidentified
space craft pose. One must consider the fact that
mis-identification of these space craft for a intercontenental
missile in a re-entry phase of flight could lead to accidental
nuclear war with horrible consequences.

Lastly, we should consider the possibility that our
atmospheric tests of late could have influenced the arrival
of celestial scrutiny. They could have been, curious or even
alarmed by such activity (and rightly so, for the Russians
would make every effort to observe and record such tests).
In conclusion, it is our professional opinion based on
submitted data that this situation i extremely perilous, and
measures must be taken to rectify a very serious problem are
very apparent.


/ s / \
Dr. J.Robert Oppenheimer

Director of Advanced Studies
Princeton, New Jersey

Professor Albert Einstein
Princeton, New Jersey

Myself and Marshall have read this and I must admit there is
some logic. But I hardly think the President will consider it
for the obvious reasons. I understand Oppenheimer approached
Marshall while they attended ceremony a t

As I understand it Marshall rebuffed the idea of Oppenheimer
discussing this with the President. I talked to Gordon, and he

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