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Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 2013 > Jan > Jan 15

Re: Artificial Intelligence

From: Ray Dickenson <r.dickenson.nul>
Date: Tue, 15 Jan 2013 07:35:58 -0000
Archived: Tue, 15 Jan 2013 10:03:09 -0500
Subject: Re: Artificial Intelligence


>From: John Donaldson <John.Donaldson.nul>
>To: "post.nul" <post.nul>
>Date: Sat, 12 Jan 2013 16:09:27 +0000
>Subject: Re: Artificial Intelligence

>>From: Ray Dickenson <r.dickenson.nul>
>>To: <post.nul>
>>Date: Sat, 5 Jan 2013 15:17:59 -0000
>>Subject: Re: Artificial Intelligence

>>>From: John Donaldson <John.Donaldson.nul>
>>>To: <post.nul>
>>>Date: Fri, 4 Jan 2013 22:26:32 +0000
>>>Subject: Re: Artificial Intelligence

<snip>

>>Nope, as you can see my position is that 'morality' +/or
>>'ethics' are evolutionary outcomes which have developed
>>(because they work) to increase a species chances of survival.
>>It's as simple as that.

<snip>

>As our thread has already covered, the only argument you offered
>previously was that it is possible to explain the appearance of
>moral behaviour in the human species by appeal to evolutionary
>forces. I responded by pointing out that explaining the
>appearance of moral behaviour in humans by appeal to
>evolutionary forces does not in any count against the claim that
>there are moral facts.

<snip>

Hello John,

I'm about to update the `Altruist Survivor' pages to include the
following sci-news item, which in the (approximate) words of this
morning's radio-news - "illustrates the evolutionary roots of
human ethical behaviour".

www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-20973753

[Quotation  Begins]

Sharing: Chimp study reveals origins of human fair play
By Victoria Gill, BBC reporter

The human tendency to share may have more ancient evolutionary
routes than previously thought.

This is according to a study of the performance of chimpanzees
in a test called the "ultimatum game".

Traditionally, the game is employed as a test of economics; two
people decide how to divide a sum of money.

This modified game, in which two chimps decided how to divide a
portion of banana slices, seems to have revealed the primates'
generous side.

The study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of
Sciences, was part of an effort to uncover the evolutionary
routes of why we share, even when it does not make economic
sense.

Scientists say this innate fairness is an important foundation
of co-operative societies like ours. ... "What we're trying to
get at is the evolutionary route of why humans share," explained
Dr Proctor.

"Both chimps and people are hugely cooperative; they engage in
cooperative hunting, they share food, they care for each other's
offspring.

"So it's likely that this [fairness] was needed in the evolution
of cooperation.

"It seems to me that the human sense of fairness has been around
in primates for at least as long as humans and chimps have been
separated."

[Quotation Ends]


Cheers

Ray D





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