From: Ray Dickenson <r.dickenson.nul> Date: Tue, 15 Jan 2013 07:35:58 -0000 Archived: Tue, 15 Jan 2013 10:03:09 -0500 Subject: Re: Artificial Intelligence >From: John Donaldson <John.Donaldson.nul> >To: "post.nul" <post.nul> >Date: Sat, 12 Jan 2013 16:09:27 +0000 >Subject: Re: Artificial Intelligence >>From: Ray Dickenson <r.dickenson.nul> >>To: <post.nul> >>Date: Sat, 5 Jan 2013 15:17:59 -0000 >>Subject: Re: Artificial Intelligence >>>From: John Donaldson <John.Donaldson.nul> >>>To: <post.nul> >>>Date: Fri, 4 Jan 2013 22:26:32 +0000 >>>Subject: Re: Artificial Intelligence <snip> >>Nope, as you can see my position is that 'morality' +/or >>'ethics' are evolutionary outcomes which have developed >>(because they work) to increase a species chances of survival. >>It's as simple as that. <snip> >As our thread has already covered, the only argument you offered >previously was that it is possible to explain the appearance of >moral behaviour in the human species by appeal to evolutionary >forces. I responded by pointing out that explaining the >appearance of moral behaviour in humans by appeal to >evolutionary forces does not in any count against the claim that >there are moral facts. <snip> Hello John, I'm about to update the `Altruist Survivor' pages to include the following sci-news item, which in the (approximate) words of this morning's radio-news - "illustrates the evolutionary roots of human ethical behaviour". www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-20973753 [Quotation Begins] Sharing: Chimp study reveals origins of human fair play By Victoria Gill, BBC reporter The human tendency to share may have more ancient evolutionary routes than previously thought. This is according to a study of the performance of chimpanzees in a test called the "ultimatum game". Traditionally, the game is employed as a test of economics; two people decide how to divide a sum of money. This modified game, in which two chimps decided how to divide a portion of banana slices, seems to have revealed the primates' generous side. The study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, was part of an effort to uncover the evolutionary routes of why we share, even when it does not make economic sense. Scientists say this innate fairness is an important foundation of co-operative societies like ours. ... "What we're trying to get at is the evolutionary route of why humans share," explained Dr Proctor. "Both chimps and people are hugely cooperative; they engage in cooperative hunting, they share food, they care for each other's offspring. "So it's likely that this [fairness] was needed in the evolution of cooperation. "It seems to me that the human sense of fairness has been around in primates for at least as long as humans and chimps have been separated." [Quotation Ends] Cheers Ray D Listen to 'Strange Days... Indeed' - The PodCast At: http://www.virtuallystrange.net/ufo/sdi/program/ These contents above are copyright of the author and UFO UpDates - Toronto. They may not be reproduced without the express permission of both parties and are intended for educational use only.
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